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Diarrhoea : why children are still dying and what can be done

WARD, Tessa
et al

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"The objective of this WHO/UNICEF report is to focus attention on the prevention and management of diarrhoeal diseases as central to improving child survival. It examines the latest available information on the burden and distribution of childhood diarrhoea. It also analyses how well countries are doing in making available key interventions proven to reduce its toll. Most importantly, it lays out a new strategy for diarrhoea control, one that is based on interventions drawn from different sectors that have demonstrated potential to save children’s lives. It sets out a 7-point plan that includes a treatment package to reduce childhood diarrhoea deaths, as well as a prevention package to make a lasting reduction in the diarrhoea burden in the medium to long term"

Vitamin A supplements : a guide to their use in the treatment and prevention of vitamin A defincency and xerophthalmia


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The past few years have seen a steady increase in the number of programmes for the distribution of high-dose vitamin A supplements as an emergency measure to treat and prevent vitamin A deficiency and associated xerophthalmia. Health administrators and programme managers in countries in which these conditions constitute a significant public health problem are sometimes in doubt about just how much vitamin A should be given to which age and population groups, how often, and in what form. To help resolve these doubts, WHO, UNICEF and the international Vitamin A Consultative Group (IVACG) have prepared the succinct guidelines which update and extend those published by the WHO in 1988. New information deriving from scientific investigations and practical experience has warranted this revision, whose recommendations are based on the best current evidence. Easy-to-follow treatment and prevention shcedules are given, and suggestions are made for the integration of vitamin A distribution into a variety of primary health care services


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