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Disease control priorities in developing countries. 2nd edition. Chapter 2. Intervention cost-effectiveness: overview of main messages.

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Drawing from the collective knowledge and analytical work of the many experts who have contributed to this volume, this chapter provides a broader perspective on the relative efficiency and effect on health of a number of interventions than is possible in a single, condition-specific chapter. The objective is to provide information on the cost-effectiveness estimates for 319 interventions covering nearly every disease condition considered in the volume, and the resulting avertable burden of disease. This chapter provides broad conclusions on the economic efficiency of using these interventions to improve health.


NCDs and millennium development goals


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The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) state that health is critical to the economic, political and social development of all countries, yet they contain no goals or targets for non-communicable diseases, the largest burden of disease in low- and middle-income countries. This paper highlights the links among MDGs and non-communicable diseases including cardio-vascular disease, asthma, diabetes and cancer