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Understanding vulnerability of Afghans with disability : livelihoods, employment, income

BAKHSHI, Parul
TRANI, Jean-Francois
2006

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This report , written in a clear, accessible style, aims to identify the main priorities to be followed to improve livelihoods for disabled people and other vulnerable groups in Afghanistan. It pays particular attention to approaches that promote empowerment, mainstreaming and equalisation of opportunities. One aim of this work is to highlight the disability movement in Afghanistan and advocate for government labour laws that encourage the employment of disabled people. This work would be useful for anyone with an interest in livelihoods, disability and development

Understanding the challenge ahead : Executive summary report

BAKHSHI, Parul
TRANI, Jean-Francois
2006

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This report outlines a series of reports in the National Disability Survey in Afghanistan (NDSA) undertaken by Handicap International on behalf of the government of Afghanistan. The NDSA aims to bridge the knowledge gap regarding the numbers, health, educational and employment situation, livelihoods and social integration of Afghans with disabilities. The Executive summary report presents a brief view of the methodology and results of the NDSA. The first section discusses the methods and field realities. The other sections discuss health, education, livelihood and employment in more detail

Welfare reform policy paper

DISABILITY RIGHTS COMMISSION
January 2006

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This paper explains the terms and legislative process associated with welfare policy reform for disabled people. It also puts forward a set of principles that are designed to facilitate the inclusion and participation of disabled people in the work force. It would be useful for anyone with an interest in disability, welfare reform and labour rights

Disability in conditional cash transfer programs : drawing on experience in LAC

MONT, Daniel
2006

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This resource analyses the participation and outcomes of disabled people in conditional cash transfer programmes. Relying on the limited data and anecdotal evidence that exist, this paper raises important structural and theoretical concerns related to the implementation of these programmes in Latin American countries. It concludes that increased attention to information gathering is required to improve programmes and policies that affect vulnerable groups

Women’s entrepreneurship development : capacity building guide

INTERNATIONAL LABOUR OFFICE (ILO)
2006

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This training manual supports the development of women's entrepreneurship through exploring various support mechanisms including research, networking and association building, market access and business development services. It integrates gender issues into the technical approaches to business development, and provides graphs, charts, tables, and questionnaires to further understanding. This manual would be useful to support agencies interested in women’s entrepreneurship and development

networklearning.org

NETWORK LEARNING
December 2005

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This website aims to make high quality manuals, field books and training courses easily available to groups who need them (free of cost to those in the South but with a contribution of $25 requested from those in the North); to encourage colleagues to be open to new knowledge and skills, to plan and stick to self-guided learning; to introduce topics which may be new to some people an to link users to resources, useful organisations, websites and materials; and to provide a place for users working in different countries in the South to stay informed. The resources are available online and cover a variety of topics in a clear, easy to understand format. It provides a number of guidelines including guidelines for writing reports [http://www.networklearning.org/writing-reports.html] and a simple guide to the web [http://www.networklearning.org/web.html]

Orphans and other vulnerable children support toolkit

INTERNATIONAL HIV/AIDS ALLIANCE
FAMILY HEALTH INTERNATIONAL
December 2005

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This is a collection of information, tools and guidance on supporting orphans and other vulnerable children living in a world with HIV/AIDS. It covers a wide range of subject areas, including running a programme, health and nutrition, education, psychosocial support, economic strengthening, living environments and children's rights. It contains a wide range of useful resources on the different topic areas. It also contains a section on early childhood development

Jobs not charity : promoting disabled people's access to the labour market and the role of organisations of disabled people

GOODLEY, Dan
December 2005

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The aims of this project report are to examine the contemporary position of disabled people in the labour market in Britain, to explore the work experiences of a number of disabled people and the impact of policy and practice on their life stories of work and to identify and disseminate the good practices of organisations such as Breakthrough UK Ltd and GMCDP in relation to promoting the work opportunities of disabled people. The report is based on a research project that brought together Breakthrough UK Ltd (BUK Ltd), the Greater Manchester Coalition of Disabled People (GMCDP), researchers from the Centre of Applied Disability Studies at the University of Sheffield and the financial support of the European Social Fund. This project started in March 2004 and finished in December 2005. Versions of this report are available in Braille, Easy Word, Large Print and Audio by contacting the publisher

The employment of persons with disabilities : evidence from national sample survey

MITRA, Sophie
SAMBAMOORTHI, Usha
December 2005

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"This paper reports on the employment of persons with disabilities in India based on recent data from the National Sample Survey. The study shows that the employment rate of persons with disabilities is relatively low compared to that of the all India working age population, with great variations across gender, urban/rural sectors and state. A multivariate analysis suggests that employment among persons with disabilities is influenced more by individual and household characteristics than human capital"

Situation of disabled people in the enlarged European Union : the European Action Plan 2006-2007

Commission of the European Communities
November 2005

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This action plan follows the European Union Disability Strategy of 2005. It relates specifically to mainstreaming disability in policy formulation and is intended to ensure a coherent follow-up to the European Year of Disabled People. The paper recognises that disability policy is most effectively dealt with at national level but aims to provide a dynamic framework to develop a broader EU Disability Strategy. It includes important information and data on the employment situation of people with disabilities, as well as laying down guidelines for developing accessible goods, services and inclusive policies. This paper would be useful to anyone with an interest in mainstreaming disability in development cooperation, in particular policy-makers, NGOs and disabled people's organisations

Microcredit for self-employed disabled persons in developing countries

MERSLAND, Roy
October 2005

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This paper aims to close the gap in knowledge and culture between the disability and the micro finance communities. Resource-based theory is applied to analyse when microcredit for disabled persons is an appropriate tool and when it is not. General recommendations are provided for the inclusion of disabled entrepreneurs, as well as lists of recommendations that are both easy to understand and to apply for micro fiance institutions, disabled people's organisations and donors. This paper is useful for academics, professionals and organisations interested in micro finance for people with disabilities in developing countries

Community based rehabilitation practices and alleviation of poverty of people with disabilities in Bangladesh

ALAM, Khandakar Jahurul
BARI, Nazmul
KHAN, Masudul Abedin
June 2005

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This paper presents a problem analysis of the current issues for disabled people in Bangladesh. It also analyses critical issues and details further needs for community based rehabilitation and poverty alleviation. It is useful for people interested in community based rehabilitation in Bangladesh
Workshop on Community-Based Rehabilitation (CBR) and Poverty Alleviation of Persons with Disabilities
Bangkok, Thailand
5 July 2005

Stories of women with disabilities pursuing employment in Guyana : as employees or as entrepreneurs

HALL, Karen
April 2005

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This thesis analyses the stories of 20 women with disabilities highlighting their employment experiences, and compares the findings to the National Development Strategy and the community work carried out by local women organisations. The thesis highlights the social theory section on community economic development and is useful to people interested in the employment experiences of women with disabilities in Guyana

IDRM : Regional report of Asia

CENTRE FOR INTERNATIONAL REHABILITATION
2005

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This International disability rights monitor takes a snapshot of the situation in Asia for disabled people and the extent to which they are included in society. The report examines education, employment, legislation and other areas. It gives non-governmental organisations, policy makers and individuals an opportunity to research the living conditions of disabled people in this part of the world

Village phone replication manual : creating sustainable access to affordable telecommunications for the rural poor

KEOGH, David
WOOD, Tim
2005

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This manual draws from the Grameen Village Phone programme in Bangladesh and Uganda, and contains how-to guidelines for replicating the experience in other countries. The programme helped poor women purchase mobile phones and sell the use of them on a per call basis. It allows for sustainable and affordable access to telecommunications, particularly useful in rural and remote areas. The manual provides a comprehensive discussion of all the steps that need to be taken. Topics covered include: business planning, stakeholders and partnerships, microfinance, company structure, training, human resources, monitoring and evaluation

Gender and ICTs for development : a global sourcebook

VALK, Minke
CUMMINGS, Sarah
VAN DAM, Henk
Eds
2005

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This book aims to document and analyse emerging experiences in the field of gender, ICT and develoment, and addresses policy, programmatic and theoretical issues and debates. Case studies explore the use of satellites, mobile telephones, wireless networks and applications such as Internet, email, distance learning, teleworking, digital radio and video. Some conclusions from the case studies are that: ICTs are not gender-neutral, because women seek to use them to break out of systematic discrimmination, and even gender violence; women use ICTs transform low-tech projects into more strategic initiatives that address gender inequities; links to policy and control of communication networks, of both new and conventional media are evident. The editors argue that there is a need to go beyond simply "women and technology" to focus on gender relations in communication and learning

In the balance : disabled people's experiences of debt

KOBER, Claire
2005

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This report examines how disabled people become indebted as a result of social exclusion. Not only does this work delve into the causes and manifestations of social exclusion, it provides statistical analysis and testimony from disabled people. In its conclusions it provides a series of recommendations to alleviate debt, by appealing to governments, financial institutions and regulators. This resource would be useful to anyone with an interest in debt, finance and disability and development

Does having a newborn child affect income diversification opportunities?|Evidence from the Peruvian Young Lives study

ESCOBAL, J
et al
2005

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This paper describes the patterns of income diversification of Peruvian households with young children (aged between 6 and 18 months) interviewed during the first phase of the Young Lives study. It "aims to link income diversification strategies to the livelihood asset base and the external context of these households. In addition, it examines the relationship between these income diversification strategies and child wellbeing"

Progress of the world’s women 2005: women, work and poverty

CHEN, Martha
et al
2005

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This report argues that unless governments and policymakers pay more attention to employment, and its links to poverty, the campaign to make poverty history will not succeed, and the hope for gender equality will founder on the reality of women’s growing economic insecurity. It makes the case for an increased focus on women’s informal employment as a key pathway to reducing poverty and strengthening women’s economic security. It provides the latest available data on the size and composition of the informal economy and compares national data on average earnings and poverty risk across different segments of the informal and formal workforces in six developing countries and one developed country to show the links between employment, gender and poverty. It looks at the costs and benefits of informal work and their consequences for women’s economic security. Finally, it provides a strategic framework for how to promote decent work for women informal workers, and shows why strong organisations of workers in the informal economy are vital to effective policy reforms

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