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Evidence for the effectiveness of rehabilitation-in-the-community programmes

VELEMA, Johan P
EBENSO, Bassey
FUZIKAWA, Priscila L
March 2008

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"The present literature review identified 29 reports from 22 countries in Asia, Africa and Central America reporting on the outcomes of rehabilitation-in-the-community programmes in low and middle income countries published between 1987 and 2007. Interventions included home visits by trained community workers who taught disabled persons skills to carry out activities of daily living, encouraged disabled children to go to school, helped find employment or an income generating activity, often involving vocational training and/or micro-credit. Many programmes had a component of influencing community attitudes towards disabled persons. The information collected shows that such programmes were effective in that they increased independence, mobility and communication skills of disabled persons, helped parents of disabled children to cope better and increased the number of disabled children attending schools. Economic interventions effectively increased the income of disabled persons although they rarely made them financially independent. CBR activities result in social processes that change the way community members view persons with disabilities, increase their level of acceptance and social inclusion and mobilise resources to meet their needs"
Leprosy Review, Vol 79, Issue 1

Funding for self-employment of people with disabilities : grants, loans, revolving funds or linkage with microfinance programmes

DE KLERK, Ton
March 2008

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"In 2005, Handicap International commissioned a study on the practices of funding for self-employment activities of people with disabilities (PWD), with a special focus on access to microfinance. The overall goal of the study was to produce a framework document highlighting good practices, strategies, tools and operational methods that guarantee the efficiency and sustainability of self-employment projects for PWDs. The first phase of the study consisted of a literature review and a worldwide survey. Through this first phase the research team identified the most innovative programmes for further analysis through field visits. In the second phase field visits were conducted in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Nicaragua and Uganda, while regional workshops were organised in Dhaka and Nairobi. Phase three involved consolidation and analysis of the information and finally drafting of the framework document. This paper summarises the findings and good practices as presented in the framework document, based on the results of the literature review, the survey and the field research. It is not a scientific paper, i.e. it doesn't contain a discussion of the literature reviewed or systematic reference to sources, the same as the document on which it is based, as it is primarily meant for practitioners"
Leprosy Review, Vol 79, Issue 1

The labour market situation of people with disabilities in EU25

SHIMA, Isilda
ZOLYOMI, Eszter
ZAIDI, Asghar
February 2008

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This policy brief explores the participation of disabled people in the work force across 25 European states, and ways to shift the labour market for disabled people from one of passive compensation to one in which they are actively integrated. This resource would be useful for anyone with an interest in disability, employment and development

Economic implications of chronic illness and disability in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union

METE, Cem
Ed
2008

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Specific to Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, this comprehensive resource aims to examine the poverty-disability relationship in transition countries. It explores the linkages between disability and employment, school enrolments, and the time-use of adults. This report also considers more broadly the nature of service delivery and the socio-economic implications for disabled people

Forgotten youth : disability and development in India

SINGAL, Nidhi
January 2008

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This paper examines the experiences of youth with disabilities in India and their transformation to adulthood. Using the 2007 World Development Report, this work explores the opportunities available to young people in terms of learning, work and citizenship. This resource would be useful for anyone with an interest in disability and development

Closing the gap in a generation : health equity through action on the social determinants of health|Final report of the Commission on the Social Determinants of Health

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2008

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This is the final report of the World Health Organization’s Commission on the Social Determinants of Health (2005-2008). The report gives three main recommendations: 1 improve daily living conditions 2. Tackle the inequitable distribution of power, money, and resources 3. Measure and understand the problem and assess the impact of action. The Commission was created to provide evidence on policies that improve health by addressing the social conditions in which people live and work. The report is addressed to WHO, national governments, civil society, and other global organizations

The Millennium Development Goals report 2008

UNITED NATIONS (UN)
2008

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This UN Report summarizes progress towards the Millennium Development Goals between 2000 and 2008, for the world as a whole and for various country groupings. It also considers factors that may affect future progress towards achieving the goals by 2015

Skills development through community based rehabilitation (CBR) : a good practice guide

INTERNATIONAL LABOUR OFFICE (ILO)
2008

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This guide provides an overview of CBR and illustrates examples of skill development for people with disabilities through CBR programmes. Topics are divided into six chapters and case studies highlighting good practices of skills development and enhancing access to work are included throughout the guide. This guide is useful for practitioners, policy makers and programme developers who are interested in skills development for people with disabilities through CBR

Recognizing ability : the skills and productivity of persons with disabilities|Literature review

POWERS, Tony
2008

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This resource highlights the contribution of skills development to enhancing the productivity of disabled persons. General background information is provided about the labour market, people with disabilities, productivity and access to employment. Various approaches to skills development are examined with details outlining 'What works, where, and why'. It would be a useful resource for people interested in skills development of people with disabilities in developing countries

Count us in!|How to make sure that women with disabilities can participate effectively in mainstream women’s entrepreneurship development activities

GILBERT, Maureen
2008

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These guidelines aim to facilitate the inclusion of women with disabilities in general entrepreneurship training and services in mainstream Women’s Entrepreneurship Development activities. They contain practical advice, training programmes, tools and materials for promoting entrepreneurship and improving livelihoods for women with disabilities. They would be useful for service providers interested in women entrepreneurs with disabilities

Disability review 2008

GREENHALGH, Caroline
LAXTON, Clare
PARCKAR, Guy
2008

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This report is based upon a survey of 1,000 disabled people’s views and experiences of everyday issues around the UK. The findings highlight various issues including income, education, employment, health and social services, housing, transport and access to goods and services. This report provides an indicator of the impact of government policies on the lives and experiences of disabled people in the UK

Evaluating functional & economic outcomes of the mental health development model in North Karnataka, India

MISHRA, Subrat Kumar
et al
2008

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“Poverty and mental illness compound one another, creating an environment of despair for some of the most vulnerable people in low and middle-income countries. Mental health intervention programmes in resource-poor settings such as rural Northern India must understand and address the economic burden of mental illness, in addition to clinical and functional outcomes. The BasicNeeds [BN]- Nav Bharat Jagruti Kendra [NBJK] intervention programme, located in rural Northern India, aims to improve quality of life for people with mental disorders and their families, through treatment, livelihoods and capacity building interventions based on the Mental Health and Development Model. This prospective evaluation assessed economic outcomes of 138 people with mental disorders involved in the BN-NBJK programme over a period of two years”

Guidelines: Incentives for health professionals

WELLER, Bridget
2008

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Staff costs dominate health services expenditure and ongoing shortages in the availability of health professionals present a real and direct threat to the continued delivery and development of health care services. Incentives, both financial and non-financial, provide one tool that governments and other employer bodies can use to develop and sustain a workforce with the skills and experience to deliver the required care. Financial incentives (wages and conditions, performance-linked payments and others) and nonfinancial incentives (career and professional development, workload management, flexible working arrangements, positive working arrangements and access to benefits and supports) are both discussed. The characteristics of an effective incentive scheme and the development of an incentive package are described. 

[Disability and employment]

UNITED NATIONS ENABLE
November 2007

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This resource contains three factsheets: Factsheet one: "Employment of persons with disabilities", highlights issues related to people with disabilities and their status, right and capacity for employment. Different national and multinational firms around the world provide information about employment for people in their institutions Factsheet two: "Employing persons with disabilities: fears and realities", highlights issues relating to the misperceptions associated with the employment of people with disabilities, providing both the reasons commonly given for not employing persons with disabilities and the benefits to companies that have employed people with disabilities. Factsheet three: "Why hire persons with disabilities?", highlights reasons to hire persons with disabilities, including income, social participation and improving the understanding of disability. The factsheets would be useful for anyone seeking information about employment and disability

Using the disability symbol : a guide for employers

JOB CENTRE PLUS
September 2007

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The disability symbol is a means of communication in the UK that is intended to help inform employees, and other disabled people who might be interested in an organisation, that the employer has a positive approach to employing disabled people. This leaflet describes the disability symbol and provides information on the design and usage criteria for the symbol. This information is useful to employers in the UK

Ripple effects or deliberate intentions?|Assessing linkages between women's empowerment and childhood poverty

JONES, Nicola
MUKHERJEE, Madhuri
GALAB, S
May 2007

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This paper looks at the impact of women's empowerment on child poverty and well-being. It includes an overview of theoretical literature on women's empowerment and inter-generational poverty transmissions; outlines the research methodology used; presents the findings from research in four districts of Andhra Pradesh; and sets out the conclusions and policy recommendations

Strategies for skills acquisition and work for persons with disabilities in Southern Africa : synthesis report|Malawi, South Africa, Zambia

INTERNATIONAL LABOUR OFFICE (ILO)
February 2007

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This report of a study completed by the ILO in Malawi, South Africa and Zambia, examines access for persons with disabilities to acquire training and obtain employment. The study finds that if given opportunities to learn new skills, persons with disabilities are equally as likely to contribute to society and the overall economy as non-disabled persons. Recommendations are provided for government and non-government organisations. This report would be useful for governments, NGOs and practitioners interested in strategies for skills acquisition and work for persons with disabilities in southern Africa

Comparing disability questions for censuses and surveys in Asia and the Pacific

SMIT, Jan
LIU, Wei
February 2007

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“"This paper compares the construct and predictive validity of a set of disability questions tested on a sample of respondents in five Asia-Pacific countries. It finds that the construct validity of the Washington Group questions for the seeing, hearing, mobility and self care domains is good when WHO questions for the corresponding domains are used as a benchmark; this does not, however, apply to the questions for the cognition and communication domains. The Washington Group questions perform similar to corresponding WHO questions in terms of predictive validity. For the four models examined - explaining difficulty with household responsibilities, work and school, and joining community activities, as well as employment status - the different question sets perform similar in terms of significance and magnitude of the odds ratios"

Brief outlook on provisions concerning disability in Italy and methods to enforce law

MARRA, Angelo D.
2007

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This discussion papers tackles the Italian legal system concerning disability issues. It begins with a general overview of the country specific methods for enforcement. This document also addresses the following key issues: discrimination, laws that address access to the built environment, and employment. The work would be useful for anyone with an interest in government policy, law enforcement and disability and development legislation

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