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Working with young people on sexual health and HIV/AIDS : resource pack

APPROPRIATE HEALTH RESOURCES AND TECHNOLOGIES ACTION GROUP (AHRTAG)
1996

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This booklet contains brief descriptions of sexual health, sexuality and HIV for young people with and without disabilities. It highlights issues connected with communicating with young people on sexuality and HIV and sexual health. A list of training manuals, books and documents relating to sex and HIV is also included

Preparing teachers for inclusive education

MARIGA, L
MCCONKEY, R
PHACHAKA, L
1996

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This is a practical training package comprising a manual (available on the Internet from EENET) and video produced in Lesotho. It shows how primary school teachers implement inclusive education in overcrowded classrooms in remote rural areas with very few material resources

Strategic issues in preventing cataract blindness in developing countries

Ellwein, L B
Kupfer, C
1995

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Cataract blindness is a public health problem of major proportions in developing countries. Intracapsular cataract extraction with aphakic spectacles has been the standard surgical technique for restoring sight. Because of image magnification in the operated eye, however, the result in unilaterally blind patients is less than satisfactory. Fortunately, with the availability of low-cost intraocular lenses ( IOL) and ophthalmologists trained in extracapsular surgery, it is now practical to intervene successfully in the unilateral case. The need for increased attention on the quality of the visual outcome is only one of three important strategic issues in cataract blindness control. The existing high prevalence of cataract blindness in developing countries and an increasing cataract incidence due to an aging population require substantial increases in surgical volume. The third issue relates to cost. If significant increases in surgical volume and quality of outcomes are to be realised without an increased need for external funding, service delivery must be made more efficient. The expansion of IOL surgery for unilateral blindness is a favourable trend in ensuring financial sustainability of delivery systems; patients can be operated on while still economically productive and able to pay rather than waiting for bilateral blindness and a less favourable economic and social impact. It the quality, volume, and cost issues are to be successfully addressed, operational and structural changes to eye care delivery systems are necessary. These changes can be effected through training, technology introduction, management of facilities, social marketing, organizational partnerships, and evaluation. With improved understanding of the critical factors in successful models their widespread replication will be facilitated.

Review of the present situation in special needs education

HEGARTY, Seamus
1995

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An overall comparison between the two situations - 1986 and 1993 - reported here and in the previous report allow for some guarded optimism. Most countries provided some information on policies but varied greatly in the amount of detail offered. Special educational provision is more firmly located within regular education, at school and the administrative levels, than before and has greater legislative underpinning. Within the policy statements, themselves, the most common strands related to : developing the individual's potential, integration and necessary steps for implementation. Regarding legislation, most countries did include special needs provision in the same regulatory framework as general education; the most common reason given for excluding particular children was severity of disability. Much remains to be done and there is no room for complacency. Many countries face fiscal and personnel constraints, and maintaining let alone increasing existing investment in special educational provision will not be easy. A word of caution : even where resources are not the central issue, the pressures created by the general school reforms taking place in many countries may reduce the priority given to speical educational provision. However, progress has been made, despite the many difficulties.

Communication skills [whole issue]

1994

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This issue describes why good communication is important for health workers. Giving advice is key, but finding out information and gaining people's trust has to come first. Unless you have gained people's confidence by communicating well with them, then your advice may not be followed. Articles explain how to select key messages to give people, how to explain points clearly in appropriate language and how to check if people have understood what you have said. This issue also provides ideas and examples for training others in communication skills

Teaching medical students about disability

CLAXTON, Alleyna
1994

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This commentary suggests that there is no consistent way medical students in the UK are taught about disability issues. There is a suggestion to introduce this as a topic in the core curriculum as well as having disabled people involved

Community-based rehabilitation and the health care referral services : a guide for programme managers

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
1994

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This guide describes community-based rehabilitation (CBR) activities as managed by the health care sector. In countries where another sector has responsibility for CBR, the Ministry of Health manages only the rehabilitation services that are part of the health sector, though it may also participates in inter-sectoral CBR activities. The information in this guide is intended for use by rehabilitation management personnel in both of these situations. It is a must for planners of CBR projects. 'Mid-level rehabilitation workers' and their training are also mentioned

Project design for program managers : conducting a workshop on planning community-based projects

CENTRE FOR DEVELOPMENT AND POPULATION ACTIVITIES (CEDPA)
1994

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This is a six-day, 11-session curriculum to train project managers to design community-based projects. Project design is approached as an on-going process within an organisation, encompassing needs assessment, problem identification, development and implementation of solutions, monitoring and outcome assessment. It is applicable to all sectors and is a very useful tool for CBR trainers

Disability awareness in action : organisation building

FLETCHER, Agnes
1994

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This kit looks at how organisations of disabled people can improve their structures and the way they work; how they can train and develop individuals to benefit the whole group; and how the organisation itself can then become a better tool for changing the community and the lives of disabled people

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