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HIV/AIDS mother-to-child transmission and breastfeeding : report of an expert consultation

HASLEGRAVE, Marianne
Ed
2002

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Report of a meeting of experts on breastfeeding and mother-to-child transmission (MCTC) of HIV from the UK and other Commonwealth countries, organised by the Commonwealth Association of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (CAPGAN) and the Commonwealth Association for Mental Handicap and Developmental Disabilities (CAMHADD). Includes summaries of presentations made, and 12 recommendations to Commonwealth Heads of Government and Ministers of Health

Reducing malaria's impact on child health, development and survival

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO). Roll Back Malaria
2002

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A concise publication on reducing the incidence of malaria among children. It provides some useful background facts on childhood mortality and other consequences such as low birth weight, anaemia, epilepsy, and learning difficulties. It then describes the tools to 'roll back malaria': insecticide-treated bednets, intermittent preventative treatment, antimalarial drug combination therapy, improving access to treatment, and strengthening health infrastructure

Managing complications in pregnancy and childbirth (MCPAC) : a guide for midwives and doctors

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2002

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This manual is written for midwives and doctors at the district hospital who are responsible for the care of women with complications of pregnancy, childbirth or the immediate postpartum period including immediate problems of the newborn. The emphasis of the manual is on rapid assessment and decision making. The clinical action steps are based on clinical assessment with limited reliance on laboratory or other tests and most are possible in a variety of clinical settings (eg district hospital or health centre). The manual is arranged by symptoms (eg vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy). Because this symptom-based approach is different than most medical texts which are arranged by disease, a corresponding diagnosis table is provided. Links have been used extensively to facilitate navigation between symptoms and diagnosis. Cross-cutting issues like malaria and pregnancy are easy to locate through the index

Children with hydrocephalus and spina bifida in East Africa : can family and community resources improve the odds?

MILES, M
2002

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Hydrocephalus and spina bifida are life threatening conditions that often result in severe dsabilities. Risks are much reduced by immediate surgery and careful managment, but neither has been available for most of the sub-Saharan African population. This paper traces the growth of solutions and some socio-cultural resources that historically have supported family and community care for children with severe disabilities, mainly in Tanzania, and nearby countries. Some community-based rehabilitation (CBR) work with children with spina bifida and hydrocephalus is described, and challenges to the CBR approach are noted from the increased survival of people with disabilities requiring complex care. More appropriate information, recognition of indigenous knowledge, enlistment of community resources and financial assistance are needed to enhance the lives of East Africans with hydrocephalus, spina bifida and other severely disabling conditions

Safety of medicines : a guide to detecting and reporting adverse drug reactions|Why health professionals need to take action

LEPAKHIN, V.K.
et al
2002

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This guide raises awareness about the magnitude of the drug safety problem and seeks to convince health professionals that reporting adverse reactions is their moral and professional obligation. The ultimate goal of the guide is to reduce drug morbidity and drug mortality by early detection of drug safety problems in patients and improving selection and rational use of drugs by health professionals

Management of the child with a serious infection or severe malnutrition : guidelines for care at the first-referral level in developing countries

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO). Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development
2000

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A manual for use by doctors, senior nurses and other senior health workers who are responsible for the care of young children at the first referral level in developing countries. It presents up-to-date clinical guidelines, prepared by experts, for both inpatient and outpatient care in small hospitals where basic laboratory facilities and essential drugs and inexpensive medicines are available. The manual focuses on the inpatient management of the major causes of childhood mortality, such as pneumonia, diarrhoea, severe malnutrition, malaria, meningitis, measles, and related conditions. It is part of a series of documents and tools that support the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI)

Management of the child with a serious infection or severe malnutrition : guidelines for care at the first-referral level in developing countries

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION. Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development (CAH)
2000

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A manual for use by doctors, senior nurses and other senior health workers who are responsible for the care of young children at the first referral level in developing countries. It presents up-to-date clinical guidelines, prepared by experts, for both inpatient and outpatient care in small hospitals where basic laboratory facilities and essential drugs and inexpensive medicines are available. The manual focuses on the inpatient management of the major causes of childhood mortality, such as pneumonia, diarrhoea, severe malnutrition, malaria, meningitis, measles, and related conditions. It is part of a series of documents and tools that support the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI)

Anthropological perspectives on injections : a review

REELER, A V
2000

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There is evidence that injections and injection equipment are now often used by lay people in developing countries. Epidemiological evidence links the large number of unsafe injections to serious bloodborne infections such as viral hepatitis b and c, and HIV. This article examines the reasons behind the demand for injections by consumers and the administration of unnecessary or unsafe injections by different types of provider. Interventions aimed at reducing the risk of unsafe injections are discussed in relation to cultural and social factors as well as those factors associated with health systems. Suggestions are made for approaches to the design of such interventions

Mae Chan workshop on integrated community mobilization towards effective multisectoral HIV/AIDS prevention and care

HOLLERTZ, Victoria
2000

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Report of the proceedings of a workshop aiming to build the capacities of health and social workers, and community leaders to mobilise their communities towards HIV prevention and care. The participants were selected from rural communities with the potential for a community-based approach. The workshop examined the community response model, and enabled participants to learn from the experinces of the participating countries and develop follow-up actions

Feeding and nutrition of infants and young children : guidelines for the WHO European Region, with emphasis on the former Soviet countries

MICHAELSEN, Kim Fleischer
2000

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This publication contains the scientific rationale for the development of national nutrition and feeding recommendations from birth to the age of three years, and provides information that will help national experts to develop or update their current national feeding recommendations. It will also interest ministries of health, paediatricians, dieticians, nutrition scientists and public health and other health professionals concerned with nutrition and the health of young children

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