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Disability stigma in developing countries

ROHWERDER, Brigitte
May 2018

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This K4D helpdesk report, commissioned by UK DFID, answers the question "What are the core drivers behind stereotypes, prejudice (including pity/shame etc), and harmful practices against persons with disabilities in developing countries and what promising strategies/pathways for addressing these drivers have been identified?" using desk research.

 

Across the world stereotypes, prejudice, and stigma contribute to the discrimination and exclusion experienced by people with disabilities and their families in all aspects of their lives. This rapid review looks at available evidence on the drivers of disability stigma in developing countries, and promising strategies for addressing these. Most of the available evidence uncovered by this rapid review comes from Sub-Saharan Africa, and is from a mix of academic and grey literature. Evidence gaps remain. The available literature has focused more on studying the victims of stigmatisation than the stigmatisers. 

Human Rights

www.macao-tz.org
December 2014

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Malezi AIDS Care Awareness Organization (MACAO) is a non-profit organization reaching out to neglected Indigenous people in Ngorongoro District, Arusha Region of Northern Tanzania.  Macao founded in 2003, Macao is a humanitarian organization that provides assistance to approximately 200,000 Indigenous Maasai community in Ngorongoro district for addressing needs of water and sanitation, food security, health Care Research, Education, Research environment, Maasai Traditional Research, Human Rights and sustainable economic development by strengthening their livelihoods.  In addition to responding to major relief situations, MACAO focuses on long-term community development through over 4 Area Development Project. We welcome the donors and volunteers to join us in this programs, we are wolking in ruro villages.

Human development report 2013|The rise of the south : human progress in a diverse world

MALIK, Khalid
et al
2013

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This report "examines the profound shift in global dynamics driven by the fast-rising new powers of the developing world and its long-term implications for human development....The report identifies four specific areas of focus for sustaining development momentum: enhancing equity, including on the gender dimension; enabling greater voice and participation of citizens, including youth; confronting environmental pressures; and managing demographic change

The barefoot guide 3 : mobilizing religious health assets for transformation

COCHRANE, James R
GUNDERSON, Gary R
November 2012

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This Barefoot Guide 3 presents the connection between religion and public health. It focuses on understanding and working with that reality highlighting that “religious assets for health are everywhere, they matter to a lot of people, and they can be mobilized for the health of all.” The guide contains the following chapters on: thinking differently about the health of the public; revisiting the history of the link between religion and public health; working with and mobilizing religious health assets; supporting the ‘leading causes of life’; understanding ‘healthworlds’ and the strengths of ‘people who come together’; boundary leadership; thinking about systems; and ‘deep accountability

Gender, HIV and the church : a case study

MARSHALL, Mandy
OUEDRAOGO, Idrissa
SANDILANDS, Maggie
March 2009

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This case study describes a two-year pilot project to engage local churches in reflecting on gender issues with local faith-based organisations in Zimbabwe and Burkina Faso. It includes the outline for a workshop on gender and gender roles

Quest for quality : interventions to improve human resources for health among faith-based organisations

ADJEI, George A
et al
February 2009

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"Traditionally, faith-based health organisations have been important health care providers in many remote and other under-serviced areas. Currently, these facilities bear the brunt of the competition for scarce human resources. It is important for faith-based organisations to learn from recent experiences and from the creative ways in which colleagues seek to retain their health workers and improve quality of human resource management. [As part of a]"...linking and learning programme, some faith-based umbrella organisations in Tanzania, Ghana, Uganda, and Malawi have joined forces to share their experiences in confronting the human resources crisis: by developing retention schemes, offering in-service training, task shifting, developing the planning and management skills of their staff, better coordination of salary and incentive structures with the public systems, and the development of lobbying instruments for national and international use"

Disability and deafness, in the context of religion, spirituality, belief and morality, in Middle Eastern, south Asian and east Asian histories and cultures : annotated bibliography

MILES, M
July 2007

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This bibliography introduces and lists 450 resources, across the beliefs, religions and cultures of the Middle East and much of Asia, from antiquity to the present. More specifically, it annotates modern and historical materials in translation, that are relevant to disability, mental health issues and deafness.It would be useful for anyone interested in religion and culture as they relate to disability in society

HIV, AIDS, and Islam : a workshop manual based on compassion, responsibility and justice

ESACK, Farid
Ed
2007

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At a general level, anyone working with Muslims on the challenge of HIV and AIDS will find this manual helpful. More specifically, it is intended for those whose primary purpose is to raise awareness among Muslims about the prevalence of HIV and AIDS in Muslim communities. It is also intended for those who are seeking ways of responding to HIV and AIDS in a just, compassionate, caring, and responsible manner. The manual is intended for use as part of a three day workshop. It presents techniques that enable trainers to draw out the insights and experiences of participants and to build on them and tries to connect individuals’ real life experiences with their faith so that faith becomes more rooted in their daily lives and less of an abstract set of ideas or dogma

Speaking up : Muslim views on HIV & AIDS

CHARNLEY, Simone
2007

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This publication presents the findings of research which covered over 3,500 respondents from Muslim communities across Thailand, Cambodia, Bangladesh and India (West Bengal). It is divided into 3 parts: the first part details the demographics of the study population and methodology of the research. The second part provides detailed information on the content and results of the research survey: highlighting the widespread prevalence of misconceptions about HIV transmission, and the poor understanding of key risk behaviours amongst Muslim communities; the views and opinions of Muslim communities about HIV & AIDS and the prevailing stigma and discrimination associated with HIV & AIDS and people living with HIV & AIDS; and various attitudes towards Islam and condom use, and notions of gendered responsibilities in preventing HIV & AIDS. The third part summarises the overall key findings, along with important findings in each surveyed country, and provides recommendations for future interventions based on this

Engaging faith-based organizations in HIV prevention : a training mannual for programme managers

UNITED NATIONS POPULATON FUND (UNFPA)
2007

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This manual is a capacity-building tool to help policy makers and programmers identify, design and follow up on HIV prevention programmes undertaken by faith-based organisations (FBOs). It can also be used by development practitioners partnering with FBOs to increase their understanding of the role of FBOs in HIV prevention, and to design plans for partnering with FBOs to halt the spread of the virus. The manual explores how religious values and the power of religious leaders to mobilise communities can be used to design effective and sustainable community programmes to address HIV, and it explains how to involve religious leaders in programmes to eliminate the stigma and discrimination often directed to people living with HIV and how to encourage community support and solidarity using the compassionate spirit of religion. It also outlines the key HIV prevention messages that religious leaders can promote and the skills they need to deliver them effectively. The second part of the book is a powerpoint presentation for use by trainers

Responding to HIV & AIDS : Islamic resources and Muslim participation in Asia

ABDUS SABUR, M.
CHARNLEY, Simone
October 2006

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The paper then details some of the unique challenges encountered in combating the epidemic from an Islamic perspective, and how these dilemmas can be negotiated and rectified through the core values espoused by Islam in the Qur’an and Prophetic teachings. An illustration of how an Islamic perspective is being utilised to respond to HIV & AIDS is then provided through an outline of the work of the Asian Muslim Action Network (AMAN). It concludes with recommendations for future action in the area of faith-based responses to HIV & AIDS

Culture, religion and adolescent reproductive and sexual health [whole issue]

June 2006

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This issue reflects on how cultural and religious attitudes affect the sexual behaviour of young people and on the role they play in HIV incidence in the Asia-Pacific region. It also looks at good practices in this area. Includes two research briefs on the role of sex and HIV educational programmes for the youth and on knowledge and sexual behaviour of adolescent in Pune. Contains an interview with Halida Hanum Akhter, the recipient of the 2006 United Nations Population Award, which presents her insights into popular culture and reproductive health.

Children and violence [whole issue]

May 2006

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This issue is devoted to violence and children. It reports on the UN Study on Violence Against Children and reflects on processes and mechanisms that would ensure an effective follow up and an end to violence. Discusses corporal punishment, the role of NGOs and Special Representative, the justice system, children with disabilities, and the role of religious leaders in ending the violence against children. Comments, case studies and factfiles provide a comprehensive guide, commentary and backgorund reading to the topic and the UN Study

Reducing risk of disaster in our communities

VENTON, Paul
HANSFORD, Bob
2006

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[Publisher's description:] This book looks at a methodology called Participatory Assessment of Disaster Risk, which can be used to reduce disaster risk at community level. The process involves assessment of hazards, vulnerabilities and capacities and results in action planning [...] This book starts by considering disasters from a Christian perspective

Living on the outside : key findings and recommendations on the nature and impact of HIV/AIDS-related stigma

HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT NETWORKS (HDNET)
AIDS-CARE-WATCH CAMPAIGN
2006

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This publication presents an overview of discussions, evidence and proposals contributed to the Stigma-AIDS eForurm by both experts and people living with HIV and AIDS, and moderated by Health and Development Networks (HDNet). Three major areas are covered: HIV stigma and place, including the work place, health care services and religious settings; HIV stigma and people living with HIV/AIDS, addressing self-stigma and injection drug users; HIV stigma and society, with a focus on the role of the media. Each topic includes a brief commentary and sets out specific recommendations. It is aimed at individuals, organisations and policy makers willing to learn about practical approaches to reduce HIV/AIDS-related stigma

Multi-country study of medicine supply and distribution activities of faith-based organizations in sub-Saharan African countries

BANDA, Marlon
OMBAKA, Eva
EVERARD, Marthe
2006

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This is a report of a study of faith-based organisations in sub-Sahara, with a focus on their activities of medicine supply and distribution. Faith-based drug supply organisations (DSOs) play a crucial role in facilitating access to medicines, and complement government efforts, particularly in rural and remote areas. The study found that DSOs generally perform well, and operate in a transparent and cost-effective way. In the countries considered in this study, DSOs serve an average of 43% of the population. Weaknesses are also highlighted, including lack of quality assurance, rational use of medicines policies and business plans

Organisational governance

BLACKMAN, Rachel
2006

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This resource is aimed primarily at Christian development organisations, but the principles and operational structures can be applied to other organisations. It focuses on organisational governance, the process of overseeing an organisation, looking in particular at how governing bodies should operate and lead an organisation. Section 1 analyses the role of the board and explains how its remit and responsibilities differ from those of the CEO. Section 2 reviews two key competencies, delegating authority and responsibility and developing policies. Section 3 looks at the main responsibilities of the board, including recruiting and supporting of the CEO; identifying mission, vision and values of the organisation; strategic planning; fulfilling legal requirements; identifying funding sources; and assessing progress. Section 4 looks in some detail at key operational aspects such as roles of board members, recruitment of new members and internal board policies. Section 5 suggests ways of making the board more effective, through the proper use of committees, agenda for meetings, chairing of board meetings, minute taking, sharing information, decision-making and board development

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