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HIV and infant feeding : a compilation of programmatic evidence

KONIZ-BOOHER, Peggy
et al
July 2004

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This paper tries to deepen understandings of the biological and programmatic implications of the transmission of HIV through breastfeeding which have previously been hampered by insufficient study and difficulties of interpretation. It is a careful look at the findings of programmatic approaches. The project attempted to find, summarise and analyse reports on a wide variety of relevant programmes conducted since 1998 UNICEF guidelines were issued. The programmes range from small community research projects to national programmes. The compilation addresses numerous controversial topics and constraints, including human resources, confused mothers, stigma and discrimination, spillover of replacement feeding, free or subsidised infant formula, family economics and the difficulty in providing integrated HIV testing, informed choice counselling, community support, logistics and follow-up care for mothers and infants

Human rights and HIV/AIDS

LAZZARINI, Zita
June 1998

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HIV/AIDS prevention and care programmes engage the full range of human rights. International human rights instruments recognise that only non-derogable rights are absolute; other rights may be limited under certain circumstances. However the power to restrict such rights is narrwoly proscribed. To prevent the further spread of HIV/AIDS, while simultaneously protecting the rights of those infected with HIV and those who are not, HIV/AIDS policymakers must review the legality of HIV/AIDS policies, evaluate their public health goals, assess whether the policies can achieve those goals, and weigh whether the benefits outweigh the financial and human rights burden

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