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Institutional care for older people in developing countries : the case of Buenos Aires, Argentina

SHERLOCK-LLOYD, Peter
REDONDO, Nelida
2009

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"This paper examines the quality of care provided by old age homes in developing countries. It draws attention to the growing demand for such services and the emergence of a largely unregulated private sector. The paper reviews the findings of a survey of 101 private old age homes conducted in Buenos Aires, Argentina during 2004 and 2005. This reveals that the quality of care leaves much to be desired, and that the rights, autonomy and dignity of older people are often neglected. Particular issues of concern are the repressive managerial structures (including the use of restraints and medication), questionable processes of admission, and limited support for dependent residents. The paper calls for long term care to be given a higher policy profile in developing countries than is currently the case"
Journal of Population Ageing, Vol 2, No 1-2

Forgotten youth : disability and development in India

SINGAL, Nidhi
January 2008

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This paper examines the experiences of youth with disabilities in India and their transformation to adulthood. Using the 2007 World Development Report, this work explores the opportunities available to young people in terms of learning, work and citizenship. This resource would be useful for anyone with an interest in disability and development

What is the effectiveness of community based rehabilitation in improving the well-being of adults with physical disabilities in Sub-Saharan Africa?|Policy recommendations for international non-government organizations

BOGGS, Dorothy
2008

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This policy report examines the effectiveness of community based rehabilitation (CBR) in improving the well-being of people with disabilities in Sub-Saharan Africa and provides recommendations to international NGOs for improving CBR strategy
Dissertation submitted in part fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Public Health at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
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Evaluating functional & economic outcomes of the mental health development model in North Karnataka, India

MISHRA, Subrat Kumar
et al
2008

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“Poverty and mental illness compound one another, creating an environment of despair for some of the most vulnerable people in low and middle-income countries. Mental health intervention programmes in resource-poor settings such as rural Northern India must understand and address the economic burden of mental illness, in addition to clinical and functional outcomes. The BasicNeeds [BN]- Nav Bharat Jagruti Kendra [NBJK] intervention programme, located in rural Northern India, aims to improve quality of life for people with mental disorders and their families, through treatment, livelihoods and capacity building interventions based on the Mental Health and Development Model. This prospective evaluation assessed economic outcomes of 138 people with mental disorders involved in the BN-NBJK programme over a period of two years”

Cost-effectiveness analysis in health. A practical approach (2nd edition)

MUENNIG, Peter
BOUNTHAVONG, Mark
2008

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Cost-effectiveness analysis is used to evaluate medical interventions worldwide, in both developed and developing countries. This book provides process-specific instruction in a concise, structured format to provide a robust working knowledge of common methods and techniques. Each chapter includes real-world examples and tips that highlight key information. Calculations concerning disability life adjusted years are covered. The third edition contains new discussion on meta-analysis and advanced modelling techniques and a long worked example.

Measuring health and disability

MONT, Daniel
May 2007

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This article examines the use of Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), an indicator for assessing the relative effects of public health interventions, by comparing the underlying concepts to WHO’s International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). It concludes by stating "the main difficulty with DALYs is that they do not value interventions that enhance the lives of people with disabilities. To do so, they must draw on the social model of disability to look at how the environment interacts with functional status"
The Lancet, Vol 369

The quality of life, mental health, and perceived stigma of leprosy patients in Bangladesh

TSUTSUMI, Atsuro
et al
March 2007

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"The present study aims to determine the quality of life (QOL) and general mental health of leprosy patients compared with the general population, and evaluate contributing factors such as socio-economic characteristics and perceived stigma. A total of 189 patients (160 outpatients, 29 inpatients) and 200 controls without leprosy or other chronic diseases were selected from Dhaka district, Bangladesh, using stratified random sampling"
Social Science Medicine Journal, Vol 64, Issue 12

4th all Africa wheelchair congress report|Theme : advancing appropriate wheelchair services for Africa

THE PAN AFRICA WHEELCHAIR BUILDERS ASSOCIATION (PAWBA)
The Tanzanian Training Centre for Orthopaedic Technologists (TATCOT)
2007

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This report summarises the findings of the 4th All Africa Wheelchair Congress the theme of which was to assess how to advance appropriate wheelchair services across the African continent. This report explores a range of key topics including: impact of wheelchairs on quality of life; partnership for appropriate wheelchair services (from a global and African perspective); wheelchair technology training; wheelchair services and poverty reduction strategy; conventions and guidelines; and capacity building
4th All Africa Wheelchair Congress Report
Uhuru Hotel, Moshi
17-21 September 2007

Ruined lives : segregation from society in Argentina's psychiatric asylums|A report on human rights and mental health in Argentina

MENTAL DISABILITY RIGHTS INTERNATIONAL (MDRI)
CENTER FOR LEGAL AND SOCIAL STUDIES (CELS)
2007

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This resource documents human rights abuses against almost 25,000 people detained in Argentina's psychiatric institutions. It argues that large-scale institutionalisation and the accompanying abuses are due, to decades of investment in segregated institutions rather than developing necessary community-based mental health care services and support

A review of community based rehabilitation evaluations : quality of life as an outcome measure for future evaluations

MANNAN, Hasheem
TURNBULL, Ann P
2007

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"This review examines key articles in evaluation of community-based rehabilitation carried out in developing countries and proposes family quality of life as an outcome measure of community-based rehabilitation. The concept of community-based rehabilitation is reviewed, quality of life and family quality of life measurement scale is presented. It presents a practical approach to future evaluations of community-based rehabilitation programmes. This review presents the features of community-based rehabilitation evaluation (i.e., service delivery system, technology transfer, community involvement, and organisation and management), methodology, and findings. Implications are defined for the enhancement of community based rehabilitation through practical suggestions for programme coordinators involved in community development for rehabilitation, equalisation of opportunities, and social inclusion of people with disabilities"

 

Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal, Vol 18, No 1

Successful projects : what makes them work? a cross-national analysis of the studies of projects that have improved the quality of life of people with intellectual disabilities in India, Romania, Kenya and South Africa

GUSTAVSSON, Anders
et al
January 2007

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“This cross national analysis is based on national studies made by research teams in India, Kenya, Romania and South Africa. It aims to draw out the lessons learnt from successful social development processes in these countries. In each country, studies have been made of projects identified as interesting, successful and/or outstanding in the way they have improved the quality of life of people with intellectual disabilities. This comparative report briefly describes the national studies, from which the respective teams made their own national conclusions and continues with across national analysis attempting to identify circumstances or factors that are common to these successful projects. Finally, the report summarises the conclusions and their implications”

Living conditions among people with activity limitations in Zambia : a national representative study

EIDE, Arne H
LOEB, ME
September 2006

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This report presents the findings of a study about the livelihoods of people with disability in Zambia using both individual data and data from household surveys with and without people with disabilities. The report, one of a series of regional research reports to establish baseline data on living conditions among people in Southern Africa, looks at the fields of health, employment, education, living conditions and services for people with disabilities

Evaluation of the CBR program in Palestine : from the perspective of persons with disabilities themselves

NILSSON, Annika
QUTTEINA, Malek
December 2005

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"This report documents an evaluation of the Community Based Rehabilitation program (CBRP) in Palestine that investigated the impact of the program from the perspective of disabled people and their families. The main objectives of the evaluation were to ascertain to what extent the CBRP has contributed to improving the quality of life of disabled people and suggest ways in which the program can more effectively meet the needs of people with disability"

Women in action : improving the quality of disabled children's lives

HARTLEY, Sally
et al
2005

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"This book represents the ideas of the local community on how to support disabled children and their families and provides a very useful starting point for other women's groups who want to improve the quality of life of disabled children in their own communities. The process described can assist in establishing community led action for disabled people in resource poor areas of the world."

From autonomy to dependency : barriers to independent living encountered by elderly Palestinian refugees in Lebanon

LEMIRE, Xavier
DUBOIS-RONDON, Bénédicte
LEPRESLE, Claude-André
2004

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This survey explores the situation of elderly Palestinian people living in camps in Lebanon, covering both individual abilities and environmental resources, and identifies the main obstacles to their leading an independent life. The aim is to determine how to improve access to their rights and to adequate services

Living conditions among people with activity limitations in Zimbabwe : a representative regional survey

EIDE, Arne H
et al
December 2003

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"This report presents the findings of a study about the livelihoods of people with disability in Zimbabwe using data from household surveys with and without people with disabilities. The report, one of a series of regional research reports to establish baseline data on living conditions among people in Southern Africa, looks at the fields of health, employment, education, living conditions and services for people with disabilities"

Behind the barrier : human rights violations as a result of Israel's separation barrier

LEIN, Yehezkel
March 2003

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A position paper focusing on the human rights violations that will occur if Israel continues to route the separation barrier through the West Bank. It outlines how the barrier will further restrict Palestinian movement, pushing more Palestinian families into poverty either because they will not be able to reach their fields or market their produce, or because they will not be able to reach their jobs. It also outlines the likely problems that Palestinians will have with regard to access to medical treatment and education

Living conditions among people with activity limitations in Namibia : a representative, national survey

EIDE, Arne H
VAN ROOY, Gert
LOEB, Mitch E
2003

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This report presents the findings of a study about the livelihoods of people with disability in Namibia using data from household surveys with and without people with disabilities. The report, one of a series of regional research reports to establish baseline data on living conditions among people in Southern Africa, looks at the fields of health, employment, education, living conditions and services for people with disabilities

Evaluating the impact of a community-based rehabilitation intervention

HARTLEY, Sally
2003

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This project evaluation summarizes the impact of community-based action by local women’s groups to improve the communication ability and quality of life of disabled children with communication problems. The project was designed to increase the present knowledge concerning appropriate interventions for children with communication problems who live in low-income countries. This report is useful to anyone interested in community-based nterventions for children with communication problems

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