The burden of epidemics of infectious diseases on the social and economic development of poorer countries is growing, but is not being sufficiently addressed. This paper argues that to reduce the impact of epidemics involves addressing complex issues that include prevention of disease, empowering communities, better access to health services at the community level, availability of health personnel and better infrastructure (especially for water and sanitation)
The Social Development department of the World Bank has produced this easy-to-use report as a part of a series of guidance notes on social analysis. It offers practical advice on mainstreaming disability-inclusive development into World Bank projects. The report provides a checklist for developing inclusive disability policies and for including people with disabilities in each aspect of the development project cycle. The report does not aim to promote separate disability projects but rather to ensure that people with disabilities are included in all projects. The report would be useful for anyone with an interest in mainstreaming disability in international development policy and practice
This paper aims to support World Bank staff to mainstream disability issues in their work. The intention is to promote the inclusion of disabled people in all aspects of a project cycle, from design, to implementation, monitoring and evaluation. In particular, the paper provides a practical checklist to address specific actions that promote inclusive development. The paper would be a useful tool for any practitioners working in the field of development
This report has been produced by the Task Force on Child Health and Maternal Health. It identifies technical interventions needed to address the problems of high rates of maternal mortality, continued child deaths due to preventable illnesses, unmet need for sexual and reproductive health services, and weak and fragile health systems. The report also asserts that policymakers must act now to change the fundamental societal dynamics that currently prevent those most in need from accessing quality health care
Every year malaria causes up to three million deaths, and if attempts to control the pandemic fail, drug-resistant malaria will spread even further. This report provides key statistics about the disease and makes a case for an effective and internationally coordinated response to the crisis, which should include drugs development, use of insecticide, increased funding, investment in the delivery systems and human resources and the involvement of the private sector
When planning development programmes for children living in poor communities with few services, all aspects of their lives need to be addressed. This report illustrates the difference a comprehensive programme can make in the lives of the children, their families and even the community as a whole. By studying two villages, one with the programme and one without, this report shows far-reaching effects in many areas. The children who took part in the programme felt emotionally secure; they were well-behaved and mixed well with their peers of both sexes; their health was better than the children of the control group. But above all, the programme children had internalised values and a sense of self - and they had hopes and dreams for the future
This report summarises how ICTs can help combat poverty and promote development, how to integrate ICTs in development programmes, how ICTs can be adapted for the needs of the poor in developing countries and what the roles are of donor nations and the OECD/World Summit on Information Society. It specifically stresses the need for ICTs to be incorporated into broader development strategies
This paper is a result of research carried out with international development organisations in the UK to examine the extent to which disabled people are included in their work and to look at the barriers to inclusion and at strategies to overcome these barriers. The paper examines the problems that organisations have in including disabled people and solutions that might overcome these.
The Standard Rules is one of the most important tools for the inclusion of disabled people. In 2002 the United Nations special rapporteur presented a supplement for the standard rules which aims to fill the gaps within the standard rules and complement its text mentioning poverty alleviation, adequate housing and living conditions, special attention for disabled people in emergency situations, gender aspects and others. At the 42nd session of the Commission for Social Development in February 2004 it was suggested that this supplement for the standard rules be adopted.
This project was implemented in two communities in the Cynon Valley in Wales, UK. Although the work started in both communities at the same time and under similar conditions, the two communities developed in different directions. The study shows how communities must have the means and the flexibility to pull themselves and push others in order to develop in the direction that they decide is important
This guide provides information about 14 inter-country programmes including activities, sponsors, countries covered, and contact details. It includes an extensive list of studies that have been produced or are underway under the auspices of each of the 14 programmes, together with further contact details. This list is organised by country, and is designed to introduce professionals concerned with particular countries to the research taking place there, and the people undertaking it
Source e-bulletin on Disability and Inclusion