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Every learner matters: Unpacking the learning crisis for children with disabilities

McCLAIN-NHLAPO, Charlotte
et al
June 2019

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This paper was developed by the World Bank in partnership with Leonard Cheshire and Inclusion International. It is an attempt to add knowledge to the current understanding of the importance of learning achievements, with a focus on children with disabilities. While the premise is that inclusive education refers to the inclusion of all children, the focus of this paper is on children with disabilities.

The aim of the paper is to:

  • Provide an evidence-based review of educational participation of children with disabilities.
  • Establish a case for focusing on learning achievements for students with disabilities.
  • Take stock of current mechanisms of measurement of learning outcomes and review their inclusivity.
  • Explore evidence of practice and systems which promote disability-inclusive learning for all. 

Four case studies are provided - from Pakistan, South Africa, Canada and UK.

Disability inclusion : topic guide

ROHWERDER, Brigitte
November 2015

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This topic guide summarises evidence on the key debates and challenges of disability inclusion in development and humanitarian response. Disability does not necessary imply limited wellbeing and poverty. Yet there is growing evidence that the estimated one billion people with disabilities face attitudinal, physical and institutional barriers that result in multi-dimensional poverty, exclusion and marginalisation. Disability inclusion could increase earnings, tax revenues, and individual and societal wellbeing. It need not be costly or complicated. Inclusive approaches are more cost-effective than piecemeal disability interventions. GSDRC Topic Guides aim to provide a clear, concise and objective report on findings from rigorous research on critical areas of development policy. Their purpose is to inform policymakers and practitioners of the key debates and evidence on the topic of focus, to support informed decision-making

Available in both pdf and online versions

Global status report on disability and development prototype 2015

UNITED NATIONS DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL AFFAIRS (DESA)
2015

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This report situates disability and inclusion within the broader context of sustainable development, with a particular focus on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The paper provides background on the historical role of the UN in promoting inclusion and outlines the current trends and challenges facing people with disabilities globally. The following section presents these challenges within the context of the SDGs, showing that disability needs to be tackled if the SDGs are to be achieved. It concludes with a number of recommendations for a disability-inclusive 2030 agenda for sustainable development

Disability inclusive millennium development goals and aid effectiveness : a conference report

LEONARD CHESHIRE DISABILITY
UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP)
2013

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This report presents the proceedings, discussions and presentations from a joint conference organised by Leonard Cheshire Disability and UNESCAP. The conference reviewed the international and regional mandates on disability and aid effectiveness, identified challenges and good practices in measuring the impact and quality of disability-inclusive development, and identified ways to implement disability-inclusive development effectively on the ground and at policy level. This report is useful for anyone interested in disability and development
"Disability inclusive millennium development goals and aid effectiveness"
14-16 March 2012
Bangkok, Thailand

Best practices for including persons with disabilities in all aspects of development efforts

FORGACS, R. T
November 2011

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"The present document has been prepared in response to the request in paragraph 15(b) of General Assembly resolution 65/186, in which the Secretary-General was asked to 'provide information on best practices at international, regional, sub regional and national levels for including persons with disabilities in all aspects of development efforts'...The document is divided into four main sections. Following this brief introduction, section II will focus on the initial criteria for the assessment of best practices. Section III presents a number of recommendations, suggesting also how the United Nations can facilitate the process of mainstreaming disability and persons with disabilities in development and highlighting the interlinks between the mainstreaming of disability and achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs); and section IV contains 26 case studies from across the globe"

Overview of available policies and legislation, data and research, and institutional arrangements relating to older persons : progress since Madrid

UNITED NATIONS POPULATION FUND (UNFPA)
HELPAGE INTERNATIONAL (HAI)
2011

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"The overall objective of the report is to assess and evaluate the implementation of the Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing at national, regional and global levels, highlight good practices, identify gaps, and provide recommendations for further action by governments to mainstream ageing issues into national development frameworks, including laws, policies and programmes; poverty reduction strategies; and budgets to meet the needs of older persons. The information presented in this report is intended to provide the international community with an indepth understanding of the progressive realization of the objectives and recommendations of the Madrid Plan"

Make development inclusive : how to include the perspectives of persons with disabilities in the project cycle management guidelines of the EC|Concepts and guiding principles

CHRISTIAN BLIND MISSION (CBM)
2008

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This resource was created to serve as a practical tool for Eurorpean Commission operational staff to encourage the inclusion of a disability perspective at each stage of the Project Cycle Management. The purpose is to support the inclusion of persons with disabilities from project programming through to evaluation. This resource features examples of projects that include the perspectives of persons with disabilities

Social analysis and disability : a guidance note : incorporating disability-inclusive development into Bank-supported projects

World Bank
Ed
March 2007

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The Social Development department of the World Bank has produced this easy-to-use report as a part of a series of guidance notes on social analysis. It offers practical advice on mainstreaming disability-inclusive development into World Bank projects. The report provides a checklist for developing inclusive disability policies and for including people with disabilities in each aspect of the development project cycle. The report does not aim to promote separate disability projects but rather to ensure that people with disabilities are included in all projects. The report would be useful for anyone with an interest in mainstreaming disability in international development policy and practice

Finance for all? policies and pitfalls in expanding access

DEMIRGUC-KUNT, Asli
BECK, Thorsten
HONOHAN, Patrick
2007

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This report is a broad-ranging review of research work focusing on access to finance. It presents indicators to measure financial access, analyzes its determinants, and evaluates the impact of access on growth, equity, and poverty reduction. The report also discusses the role of government in advancing financial inclusion
A World Bank Policy Research Report

Participation of disabled people in the PRSP/PEAP process in Uganda

DUBE, Andrew K
2005

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Disabled people have been neglected in programmes for poverty allevation. Uganda was one of the first countries to develop a poverty reducation strategy paper (PRSP) and also started to include disabled people into the follow up phases. This report shows the challenges that the disability movements in Uganda and other African countries are facing in the processes of poverty allevation programmes. It seeks to document the experience in Uganda to draw out lessons for other countries going through PRSP processes.

UN Millennium Project 2005 : who's got the power? Transforming health systems for women and children. Task Force on Child Health and Maternal Health

FREEDMAN, Lynn P
et al
2005

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This report has been produced by the Task Force on Child Health and Maternal Health. It identifies technical interventions needed to address the problems of high rates of maternal mortality, continued child deaths due to preventable illnesses, unmet need for sexual and reproductive health services, and weak and fragile health systems. The report also asserts that policymakers must act now to change the fundamental societal dynamics that currently prevent those most in need from accessing quality health care

Poverty reduction strategies : their importance for disability

BONNEL, Rene
July 2004

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This report reviews the disability policy content of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) to analyze if disabled people are included in the poverty reduction programs. The report focuses upon whether the specific poverty dimensions of disabled persons are acknowledged and whether the critical interventions for improving the economic and social integration of disabled persons are included in PRSPs. This report is useful for people interested in disability and the PRSPs

Label us able : proactive evaluation of Finnish development co-operation in disability issues

NATIONAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTRE FOR WELFARE AND HEALTH (STAKES)
2003

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The Finnish Ministry for Foreign Affairs evaluates with this report its development policies for disabled people. This report looks at the last ten years of Finnish development co-operation and how a maximum impact on human rights and social development can be achieved.
The four parts of the report investigate the main Finnish policies, the major findings and how disability can be mainstreamed into development issues.
This evaluation report is valuable for international NGOs, disabled people's organisations and policy advisors who are looking for ways to mainstream disability

Into the new millennium : Inclusion International's millennium development goals

INCLUSION INTERNATIONAL
2001

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This paper provides an overview of Inclusion International’s priorities in the following areas: education, poverty reduction, children's rights, maternal and infant health care, ethical medical research and human rights. It provides a realistic snapshot of the current situation facing people with disabilities. Inclusion International’s millennium development goals (MDGs) mirror those of the UN to link efforts and achieve results for people with intellectual disabilities and their families. Inclusion International’s MDGs provide an agenda for inclusive policy and programming in education, maternal and child health, poverty reduction, human rights, gender equality, HIV/AIDS and global partnership which is substantiated by clear targets that they are committed to working towards by the year 2015

Disability, poverty and development

DEPARTMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (DFID)
2000

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This is a major policy document from DFID, the British government's overseas aid department. It assesses the significance of disability as a key development issue, and its importance in relation to poverty, human rights and the achievement of internationally agreed development targets. It also sets out ways in which development cooperation, including DFID's own work, can help incorporate the rights and needs of disabled people into the mainstream of poverty reduction work and the achievement of human rights. It is useful for disability policy makers, NGOs and disabled people working in advocacy and development

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