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Social determinants of health in countries in conflict : a perspective from the Eastern Mediterranean region

WATTS, Susan
SIDDIQI, Sameen
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO), Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean
2008

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The objectives of this review are to: assess the impact of conflict on the health of people in affected countries of the Region; document how conflict affects social determinants, and thus results in adverse health outcomes; present the results of an innovative qualitative study that captures civilian suffering and resilience in a conflict setting, through collaboration with civil society organizations; identify some examples of activities and interventions that may help to mitigate the impact of these conflicts on the health and well-being of affected populations; and identify policy implications. The study identifies three social determinants that have a bearing on health and are peculiar to a conflict setting: the loss of human rights, breaches of medical neutrality, and progression from stress to distress and disease that results from constant, unremitting exposure to a life-threatening situation. This review was requested by the Commission on the Social Determinants of Health

Global health watch 2 : an alternative world health report

PEOPLE'S HEALTH MOVEMENT
MEDACT
GLOBAL EQUITY GAUGE ALLIANCE
2008

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This second edition of Global Health Watch covers a comprehensive range of topics, including access to medicines, mental health, water and sanitation, nutrition, and war and conflict. It also draws attention to the politics of global health and the policies and actions of key actors

The medical peace work textbook

ROWSON, M
MELF, K
Eds
2008

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This textbook provides an introduction to medical peace work and includes chapters relating to human rights; the causes and health effects of war and violent conflict; how health workers can promote peace-building and reconstruction; and the health and well-being needs of refugees and immigrants. The book is aimed at doctors, nurses, public health workers and other health professionals, and students. This e-textbook is part of an online course on Medical Peace Work. The book can be consulted, downloaded, or printed for free without registering for the course

Rapid assessment of alcohol and other substance use in conflict-affected and displaced populations : a field guide

EZARD, Nadine
2008

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This guide outlines the steps for planning and conducting rapid assessments of alcohol and other substance use among conflict-affected and displaced populations. It also details information for action plans and report writing, as well as key resources and annexes with sample forms. This guide is useful for practitioners and researchers to conduct rapid assessments of alcohol and other substance use in conflict-affected and displaced populations

Violence against women and girls : a compendium of monitoring and evaluation indicators

BLOOM, Shelah
2008

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"This guide was developed for managers, organizations, and policy makers working in the field of VAW/G [Violence Against Women and Girls] program implementation and evaluation in developing countries, as well as for people who provide technical assistance to these individuals and organizations. Indicators were developed to measure the following areas within VAW/G : 1. Magnitude and characteristics of different forms of VAW/G (skewed sex rations, intimate partner violence, violence from someone other than an intimate partner, female genital cutting/mutilation and child marriage); 2. Programs addressing VAW/G by sector (health, education, justice/security, social welfare); 3. Under-documented forms of VAW/G and emerging areas (humanitarian emergencies, trafficking in persons, femicide), and preventing VAW/G (youth, community mobilization, working with men and boys). The indicators can also be used by programs that may not specifically focus on VAW/G, but include reducing levels of VAW/G as part of their aims. The indicators have been designed [to] address information needs that can be assessed with quantitative methods to measure program performance and achievement at the community, regional and national levels. While many of the indicators have been used in the field, they have not necessarily been tested in multiple settings"

Convention on cluster munitions

CLUSTER MUNITION COALITION
2008

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"The Convention on Cluster Munitions, CCM, prohibits all use, stockpiling, production and transfer of Cluster Munitions. Separate articles in the Convention concern assistance to victims, clearance of contaminated areas and destruction of stockpiles"
Dublin Diplomatic Conference on Cluster Munitions
Dublin, Ireland
19-30 May 2008

Will you listen? : young voices from confilct zones

OFFICE OF THE SPEICAL REPRESENTATIVE OF HTE SECRETARY-GENERAL FOR CHILDREN AND ARMED CONFLICT
et al
October 2007

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This document compiles the views and recommendations of some 1,700 children and young people in 92 countries. Most (1,385) of them participated through 125 focus groups in countries recently or currently affected by armed conflict; an additional 385 responded to an online survey. Respondents include children who have themselves experienced conflict. First-person accounts in direct quotation (called ‘Our voices’) expound on such themes as ‘We live in violence’, ‘We lose our homes and those we love’, ‘We struggle to survive’ and others. Alongside runs a summary of issues and children’s concerns expressed from their point of view but not in direct quotation. A background note lists the focus groups and online questions. In addition, several tables describe participants in each format by age, gender and region or country

WHO ethical and safety recommendations for researching, documenting and monitoring sexual violence in emergencies

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
June 2007

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This document builds on previous WHO publications and explores the different reasons for collecting information about sexual violence in emergency situations. It applies to all forms of enquiry about sexual violence and makes a number of recommendations that are intended to ensure that the necessary safety and ethical safeguards are in place at the beginning of any information gathering exercise. The document sets out the key safety and ethical issues that need to be addressed and the questions that need to be asked. There are examples of good practice and details of further information and resources that are available. This document is not intended to be a standalone guidance document but is designed to complement existing internationally-agreed ethical guidelines for research and to inform ethics review processes

Circle of impact : the fatal footprint of cluster munitions on people and communities

HANDICAP INTERNATIONAL
Eds
May 2007

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This report documents the lasting economic and social impact of cluster munitions on families and communities. It also shows that these casualties occur while people carry out their daily livelihood activities in familiar places. Available in several languages, the report is written in an accessible style, and would be useful to anyone working in international disability and development and conflict situations

Cluster munitions in Kosovo : analysis of use contamination and casualities

MOYES, Richard
February 2007

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This report consists of a detailed assessment of the use of cluster munitions in Kosovo. More specifically, it draws on data sets to examine the claims and counterclaims of humanitarian organisations and of user governments. It concludes with an analysis of how key governments responded to lessons learned from cluster munition use and there impact in Kosovo

M85 : an analysis of reliability

KING, Colin
2007

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This is a detailed analysis of cluster munition performance based on survey and clearance of contaminated sites in southern Lebanon. Specifically, the focus is on the M85 bomblet. This report concludes that despite the incorporation of a high-quality SD-mechanism, the overall reliability in combat is worse than has been indicated by tests. A high percentage of cluster munitions remain on the ground as unexploded ordinance. This creates a serious risk of injury to civilian populations

Key steps for maternal and newborn health care in humanitarian crisis

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO), DEPARTMENT OF MAKING PREGNANCY SAFER
2007

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This document has been prepared for maternal and newborn health experts as well as reproductive health experts coordinating and assisting with emergency care during the humanitarian crisis. It describes the ways to estimate the number of pregnant women and those who are about to deliver, highlights some important aspects of emergency care related to pregnancy, childbirth and newborn care, and describes the content of UN kits for such care in three different scenarios

IASC guidelines for mental health and psychosocial support in emergency settings

INTER-AGENCY STANDING COMMITTEE (IASC)
2007

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These guidelines provide information to organisations and individuals on how to respond during humanitarian emergencies by highlighting eleven specific action sheets that offer practical guidance on mental health and psychosocial support. The guidelines include a matrix of interventions with guidance for emergency planning, actions to be taken in the early stages of an emergency, and comprehensive responses needed in the recovery and rehabilitation phases. This resource is gives humanitarian actors useful inter-agency, inter-sectoral guidance and tools for responding effectively in the midst of emergencies

Fatal footprint : the global impact of cluster munitions

HANDICAP INTERNATIONAL
November 2006

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Fatal Footprint is part of an ongoing project that seeks to improve understanding of the impact of cluster munitions by documenting short-, mid- and long-term casualties, cumulative effects of disability, mortality and resource denial on families and communities

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