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CBR stories from Africa : what can they teach us?

COLERIDGE, Angela
HARTLEY, Sally
Eds
2010

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"Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR) is an evolving concept. Its effectiveness depends on continuous reflection, debate and learning. This book aims to facilitate this process through the stories of five CBR programmes in Africa, told by those involved with the programmes and reflected on with honesty...Each of the five programmes has been invited to document their work, describing how its programme started and assessing the effectiveness of the approach it has chosen. They were asked to identify their successes and challenges, and to reflect on how difficulties are being overcome. Life stories illustrate the impact each approach can have on individual lives. The book offers itself as a reflective tool, to be used by practitioners. Each chapter asks specific questions of its readers, inviting them to draw comparisons with their own programme. The concluding section of the book outlines ideas for evaluating and developing their CBR programmes"

Perceptions and practice : an anthology of impact assessment experiences

SAYCE, Kay
NORRISH, Patricia
2006

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This book presents eleven case studies of impact assessment in information and communication projects such as CATIA, Reflect's ICT projects in India, Tearfund's Footsteps project, Bernard van Leer Foundation's Effectiveness Initiative and others. Each case study begins with a summary of the study, followed by first-hand accounts of the key people involved in each assessment. The central issues raised by the studies include learning and accountability, attribution, context, communication, donor issues, resources, and planning. The case studies are bracketted by sensitive and analytical introductory and concluding chapters, which synthesize the practitioners' voices from the case studies, contextualise them in wider debates in development impact assessment, evaluation and learning

Handhelds for health : SATELLIFE’S experiences in Africa and Asia

SATELLIFE
July 2005

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This report describes the SATELLIFE experience in implementing handheld computer projects to support health-care providers and institutions in a dozen countries in Asia and Africa. It captures SATELLIFE's experience and lessons learned as a 16-year veteran of using ICTs for health and an early adopter of handheld computers in low-resource environments. It also provide some pointers to other organisations that may benefit from their knowledge and experience, to optimize their own use of ICT in general or handhelds in particular

The 'Most Significant Change' (MSC) technique : a guide to its use

DAVIES, Rick
DART, Jess
April 2005

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This publication is an introduction to the 'Most Significant Change' (MSC) approach to monitoring and evaluation. MSC is a participatory technique of monitoring without indicators. It asks users to collect "significant change" stories from the field level and to select and filter these through a panel of stakeholders or staff. It gives an overview of the "story" approach, and illustrates how to implement the MSC technique in ten steps. Chapter five looks in detail at the place of MSC in a monitoring and evaluation framework. The guide also includes a comparison with other approaches, a historical overview a of its development and outlines possible next steps and future innovations for the approach

Learning in partnerships

BYRNE, Ailish
VINCENT, Robin
May 2004

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Outlines a range of practical steps to strengthen learning between NGOs in the North and South for anyone working in development. Reviews the wider context and influences on trends towards taking learning more seriously in the development sector. Also looks at factors affecting NGO partnerships. Reviews published literature in these areas and links it to issues raised at a workshop of practitioners in 2003

Empowered to differ : stakeholders' influences in community-based rehabilitation

FINKENFLÜGEL, Harry
2004

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'Empowered to differ' equally addresses researchers and CBR professionals. The book gives an overview about the developments in the field of community-based rehabilitation since 1978, using the examples of CBR projects in Southern Africa. Finkenflügel asks for the knowledge and the evidence for CBR and to what extent the roles, interests and powers of stakeholders can contribute to this knowledge and evidence

Palliative care in Sub-Saharan Africa : an appraisal

HARDING, Richard
HIGGINSON, Irene
2004

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This report was written from the belief that palliative care is, and will be for the forseeable future, an essential component in the continuum of managing HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. There is now a wealth of experience in sub-Saharan Africa about the ways in which palliative care can be delivered both affordably and effectively. However, there remains a lack of properly documented evidence and research to demonstrate the importance of this work and promote its development. This report provides a review of existing evaluations of palliative care projects in sub-Saharan Africa with an emphasis on isolating the factors that lead to sustainability, local ownership and scaling up; the role of palliative care in the management of HIV/AIDS and how to integrate palliative care and Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART); primary health based care projects in two countries, Kenya and Malawi, that could provide lessons for the implementation of palliative care; lessons from other parallel programmes which mirror palliative care delivery, for example, tuberculosis programmes, and primary care programmes with good links to local clinics and hospitals, and community mobilization and empowerment projects linked to health facilities. In this way it contributes to the effort of providing an evidence base to demonstrate the importance of palliative care and provides a source of reference for policy makers, practitioners, donors and researchers

A description of the selected interventions for the care of orphans and vulnerable children in Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe

DLAMINI, Phetsile K
2004

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This report contributes to phase one of a research programme which explores the social, political, economic and systemic determinants that affect vulnerability to HIV. This report documents existing interventions to gain more in-depth knowledge of interventions at grassroots level, identify their strengths and weaknesses, and consider opportunities and threats; analyse and assess the outcomes of such interventions and whether objectives were met, including the impact on vulnerable children, their families and communities, considering nutritional and education status, and psychosocial well-being; ascertain the level of awareness around HIV and AIDS, and especially of prevention strategies and care

Monitoring and evaluation : some tools, methods and approaches

WORLD BANK
2004

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An introductory guide to methods and approaches for monitoring and evaluation. Provides an overview of key tools, with essential information about their use, advantages and disadvantages, costs, skills and time required. Types of evaluation discussed include: performance indicators, logical framework approach, theory-based evaluation, formal surveys, rapid appraisal methods, participatory methods, public expenditure tracking surveys, cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness analysis and impact evaluation

Setting standards for youth participation

INTERNATIONAL PLANNED PARENTHOOD FEDERATION
2004

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This guide is primarily aimed at organisations and programme managers working with youth and children, particularly in the area of sexual and reproductive health. Section 1 looks at principles of youth participation in decision making and discusses some of the obstacles preventing sustainable participatory processes and practices. Section 2 introduces a self-assessment model, including questions around shared values, organisational capacity, selection, recruitment and sustaining of youth participation and roles and responsibilities. Section 3 looks at action plan and plan implementation issues. Includes lessons learned and case studies

Promoting rights-based approaches : experiences and ideas from Asia and the Pacific

THEIS, Joachim
2004

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This book is a collection of experiences with rights-based approaches from Asia and the Pacific. Part One looks at rights-based programming, and provides a general overview of rights-based approaches and their history. This is followed by a review of experiences of different rights-based organisations. Part Two translates human rights principles and standards into practical ideas for education and HIV/AIDS programming and for organisational development and management. Part Three presents four examples of rights-based programmes: promoting children’s participation in Vietnam, the Child Friendly District initiative in Ho Chi Minh City, confronting discrimination in South Asia and strengthening accountability for children’s rights through mass media. Part Four presents experiences and experiments with tools for rights-based analysis, planning, monitoring and evaluation. There is also a section on web resources on rights-based approaches, which lists some of the major organisations that are promoting rights-based approaches to development and relief work

ICT for development case studies : Central America|Estudios de caso TIC para el desarrollo

OP DE COUL, Maartje
December 2003

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The BDO programme aims to address key barriers and opportunites for ICTs in achieving development targets. As part of the BDO programme a series of case studies have been conducted by OneWorld International to help give decision makers a clear understanding of how civil society is actually using information and communication technologies, and what their impact is. The Central America case studies look at a technoclub for young people, a feminist radio station and a cultural video production project in Costa Rica; and a website for agricultural workers, telecentre and internet portal on deomcratisation, an anti-corruption project, and a project focusing on human rights of homosexuals in El Salvador

Exploring the field of listening to and consulting with young children

CLARK, Alison
MCQUAIL, Susan
MOSS, Peter
July 2003

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This piece of research is a review into listening to and consulting with young children in the UK under five years old with a focus on views and experiences of education and child care. Different methodologies and approaches used in research and consultation are examined including those operating alongside listening to practitioners and parents, and tools that are open to young children with special needs. The impact is then considered based upon evidence gained of children's experiences and priorities, and subsequent changes to attitudes and practice. The review contains case studies to draw upon

Lessons learned from the Environmental Health Project website

POST, May
CAMPBELL, Dan
April 2003

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Report of the evaluation of the Environmental Health Project's website. The objectives of the evaluation were to improve the website so that it is relevant, useful, user-friendly and user-centred; and to evaluate the impact of and use of the website over time. The methodology utilised interviews and an on-line survey. The report documents the assessment findings and recommendations

Learning from work : an opportunity missed or taken?

LUDIN, Jawed
March 2003

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This paper focuses on learning at the project level. It is based on findings from two small surveys carried out by BOND involving NGOs and donor organisations respectively. The first section, Learning Through a Project Cycle, mainly covers the views of BOND member NGOs about the concept of learning as well as whether and how it happens in the context of their day-to-day work. The second section, Learning and Donors, is based largely on the responses of four main donor organisations that took part in the relevant survey. Views of NGOs on the attitude and policies of donors towards learning from project work are also included

Youth-adult partnerships show promise : youth involvement expands from local projects to institutional levels

SONTI, Smita
FINGER, William
March 2003

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This paper examines how youth can participate more broadly in projects, for example in policy, management and evaluation issues. Anecdotal evidence on the value of including youth perspectives in these more challenging areas is beginning to emerge, for example the Barcelona YouthForce at the XIV International AIDS Conference in Barcelona in July 2002. The paper concludes with a list of elements that help to make effective youth-adult partnerships. These elements cover organisational capacity; attitude shift; selection, recruitment and retention of youth; and level of participation

Toolkits : a practical guide to monitoring, evaluation and impact assessment

GOSLING, Louisa
EDWARDS, Mike
2003

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This field-tested toolkit has been designed to measure the extent to which programmes make a difference. The 2003 edition of Toolkits has been extended with contributions from SCF and beyond. It describes participatory methodologies, such as mapping and focus groups. It is divided into three sections: underlying principles, practical questions and tools. This new edition brings these up to date and discusses the implications of adopting a human rights approach to development and the increased emphasis on partnership. There are new chapters on impact assessment, monitoring and evaluating advocacy, as well as two new tools - one for improving planning, evaluation, and impact assessment and one for stakeholder analysis

International consultation to review community-based rehabilitation (CBR)

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2003

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This document summarises the outcomes of the international consultation. The main conclusions were that human rights play a role in CBR, CBR has to be supported by national governments, various sectors have to cooperate and that UN agencies, governments and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) have to promote CBR as a poverty re-education strategy

Sleeping on our own mats : an introductory guide to community-based monitoring and evaluation

TOLEDANO, Josef
et al
October 2002

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Community-based monitoring and evaluation is a tool for building communities' capacity so that they can make their own choices about their development. A participatory approach which aims at community empowerment is essential to the sustainability of community development projects. The document outlines a monitoring and evaluation system (or 'how to') in five stages, from preparation to final re-appraisal. It also describes key operational tools and how to use them as training exercises. They include a 'signs of well-being' table, internal organisations chart, external organisation chart, activity monitoring table, meeting calendar and service provider agreement. It is intended for trainers, community workers and practitioners wishing to use monitoring and evaluation activities as a resource for capacity building and community empowerment

Estado del arte de los telecentros de Latino América y el Caribe

FUNDACIÓN CHASQUINET
February 2002

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This document summarises the 'Telecentros' project, supported by the PAN program (Centro Internacional de Investigación para el Desarrollo - CIID). It includes experiences of ICT use in Latin America and the Caribbean, providing details of the lessons learned about training, security, maintenance of the equipment, financing and appropriation of new technologies, among other issues

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