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Health information technology in primary health care in developing countries : a literature review

November 2004

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This study explores the debate and initiatives concerning the use of information technology (IT) in primary health care in developing countries. The literature from 1992-2002 was identified from searches of the MEDLINE, Latin American and Caribbean Health Science Literature Database (LILACS), Cochrane Library and Web of Science databases. For the analysis of advantages, problems and perspectives of IT applications and systems, 52 articles were selected according to their potential contribution to the primary health care processes in non-developed countries. countries. These included: 10 on electronic patient registries (EPR), 22 on process and programmatic action evaluation and management systems (PPAEM) and 20 on clinical decision-support systems (CDS). The main advantages, limitations and perspectives are discussed

Information design and distance learning for international development


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[Publisher's abstract] This book presents an investigation by research into the ways in which distance learning is affected by the physical design of printed study materials. In particular, it examines the use of engineering drawing systems for illustrated, instructional texts concerned with technical aspects of infrastructure development. Part I comprises a review of literature on learning and adult education; international development and distance learning; information design for self-instruction; and research into illustration, with particular reference to the visual perception of engineering drawings and the implications for their cross-cultural use. Part II presents questions and hypotheses which emerged from the literature review. It also presents the research methodology designed to test comprehension of engineering drawing systems, along with the results of tests undertaken by five adult learning groups selected from pre-degree, undergraduate and postgraduate populations. Part II concludes with an analysis and discussion of the results of these tests. Part III presents the conclusions drawn from both the literature review and from the analysis of the research results. It concludes with proposals for further study



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iLearn is an online learning system devised by the BBC World Service Trust for media professionals in developing countries. Access is free, but password-protected. The courses are aimed at users with poor Internet connectivity and can be published in any language. The modules include print, radio and television journalism, as well as management issues. Each module takes the learner through a number of logical, progressive steps. Some steps contain an interactive element, asking the reader to think about an issue or to come up with an idea, before moving forward to the next step. At the end of a module there is a series of questions which test trainees' new understanding. Finally trainees are asked to complete an assignment based on the information they have just learned. They submit this online and it is marked by a dedicated mentor

USAID global health e-learning center

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The Global Health E-Learning Center, developed by the USAID Bureau of Global Health, is a response to repeated requests from field staff for access to technical public health information. The centre provides web-based courses for continuing education for health professionals and technical content on key topics. It serves as a practical resource for increasing public health knowledge. Once registered, users of this site can take free courses, all of which are authored by an expert or team of experts. They include programme principles, best practice and case studies. Materials may also be downloaded for further study


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