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International best practices in universal design : a global review

CANADIAN HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION
Eds
March 2007

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This comprehensive research document is a global review comparing accessibility standards for the built environment. In addition to providing 31 essential design elements, it features photographic examples highlighting best practices. This extensive resource, with accompanying CD-ROM, compares building codes and standards throughout the world, including those experiencing extensive rebuilding following war torn or internal conflict. Intended for technical experts, this resource would be useful for anyone interested in accessibility, inclusion and disability and development

Ruined lives : segregation from society in Argentina's psychiatric asylums|A report on human rights and mental health in Argentina

MENTAL DISABILITY RIGHTS INTERNATIONAL (MDRI)
CENTER FOR LEGAL AND SOCIAL STUDIES (CELS)
2007

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This resource documents human rights abuses against almost 25,000 people detained in Argentina's psychiatric institutions. It argues that large-scale institutionalisation and the accompanying abuses are due, to decades of investment in segregated institutions rather than developing necessary community-based mental health care services and support

Infrastructure for all : meeting the needs of both men and women in development projects|A practical guide for engineers, technicians and project managers

REED, Brian
COATES, Sue
PARRY-JONES, Sarah
et al
2007

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This book provides information to help engineers, technicians and project managers ensure that the facilities they design and build are beneficial to all members of society. Using examples, especially related to water and sanitation, the book highlights the need for social analysis and gender analysis to improve the design, implementation and use of infrastructure. It would be useful for engineers, technicians and project managers interested in infrastructure development in low- and middle-income countries

Social responses to disability & poverty in economically weaker countries : research, trends, critique, and lessons usually not learnt. Annotated bibliography of modern and historical material

MILES, M
March 2006

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In this bibliographic resource the author introduces 250 articles and books showing social responses to disability and poverty in developing countries. The modern materials are global in their scope and the historical materials were from east and south Asia, the Middle East, Africa and Europe. This work would be useful for anyone with an interest in disability and poverty alleviation

Living on the outside : key findings and recommendations on the nature and impact of HIV/AIDS-related stigma

HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT NETWORKS (HDNET)
AIDS-CARE-WATCH CAMPAIGN
2006

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This publication presents an overview of discussions, evidence and proposals contributed to the Stigma-AIDS eForurm by both experts and people living with HIV and AIDS, and moderated by Health and Development Networks (HDNet). Three major areas are covered: HIV stigma and place, including the work place, health care services and religious settings; HIV stigma and people living with HIV/AIDS, addressing self-stigma and injection drug users; HIV stigma and society, with a focus on the role of the media. Each topic includes a brief commentary and sets out specific recommendations. It is aimed at individuals, organisations and policy makers willing to learn about practical approaches to reduce HIV/AIDS-related stigma

ICTs : information and communication technologies for the poor

TORERO, Maximo
VON BRAUN, Joachim
November 2005

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This 'issue brief' describes the proliferation of electronically communicated information, which has accelerated economic and social change across all areas of human activity worldwide. It observes that the rapid growth of ICTs in developing countries is partly a result of very low initial access, and therefore in absolute terms developing countries are still well behind the developed world in access to ICTs. It concludes that ICTs offer an opportunity for development, but not a panacea. For the potential benefits of ICTs to be realized in developing countries, many prerequisites need to be put in place: prompt deregulation, effective competition among service providers, free movement and adoption of technologies, targeted and competitive subsidies to reduce the access gap, and institutional arrangements to increase the use of ICTs in the provision of public goods. The paper advocates for the importance of all three "Cs": connectivity, capability to use the new tools, and relevant content provided in accessible and useful forms

World Development Report 2006 : equity and development

WORLD BANK
September 2005

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The 2006 World Development Report focuses on equity and development strategy. It builds on and extends frameworks discussed in the 2004 report. Equity is a potentially important factor affecting both the workings of the investment environment and the empowerment of the poor - the two major lines of the World Bank's poverty reduction strategy. The report describes current levels of and recent trends in inequalities along some key dimensions, both within and across countries; discusses whether such inequalities matter and, if so, how it may be possible to reduce them in ways which, rather than harming economic efficiency and growth, may indeed help promote them; and explores the role of domestic policies and international forces, and the potential for international action to reduce inequalities

Maternal survival : improving access to skilled care. A behavior change approach

CHANGE
February 2005

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This summary is based on the CHANGE Maternal Survival Toolkit, available online at: www.changeproject.org and on CD-ROM. It explores ways of influencing behaviours and encouraging use of health services and health professionals during childbirth and the postpartum period. A number of factors can prevent pregnant women from accessing skilled care, often putting themselves and the child at risk. They include availability of health services and high costs but also, and crucially, local culture, family and community behaviours and traditional practices. The CHANGE Project's approach and this document stress locally appropriate, behaviour-based interventions that integrate what is happening in homes, communities and health facilities. This tool is aimed at organisations and individuals working in the field of mother and child health, and willing to look at maternal and child survival issues from a behaviour change perspective

Human development report 2005 : international cooperation at a crossroads. Aid, trade and security in an unequal world

WATKINS, Kevin
2005

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The 2005 report takes stock of human development, including progress towards the MDGs. Looking beyond statistics, it highlights the human costs of missed targets and broken promises. Extreme inequality between countries and within countries is identified as one of the main barriers to human development and as a powerful brake on accelerated progress towards the MDGs. The report argues that poverty and inequality need urgent attention. It gives a comparison of life expectancy in various countries and puts forward a case that the response from the international community to HIV/AIDS pandemic has been lacking. The report indicates that child mortality has been on the rise compared to the 1980s when the trend had been reversed

Mainstreaming disability in development : lessons from gender mainstreaming

MILLER, Carol
ALBERT, Bill
2005

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This document uses gender mainstreaming as a template to assess how successfully disability has been brought into the mainstream, and how to promote disability equality. With a specific emphasis on the work and practices of DFID, it identifies eight key lessons from gender mainstreaming that can be applied to disability in development: develop clear institutional policy on disability equality; devise robust institutional structures capable of promoting a disability agenda; sustain an appropriate institutional culture; facilitate policy-relevant research and information; provide adequate guidelines and tools; promote the involvement of people with disabilities; carry out monitoring and evaluation activities

HIV/AIDS and human rights in a nutshell

ROSEMAN, Mindy Jane
et al
December 2004

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This is a quick guide to human rights in the context of HIV and AIDS. It is divided into three sections, defining issues and providing examples relating to accountability, advocacy and approaches to programming. A fourth section brings together key resources for further reading

I'm a teenager : what happened to my rights?

HALFORD, Stuart
et al
November 2004

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This book covers 15 issues affecting the world's young people, such as sexual exploitation, child labour, crime and punishment, HIV and AIDS, and early marriage and motherhood. Chapter 13 deals with issues facing disabled youth including prejudice, abuse and lack of education. The book describes Plan International's work around the world addressing youth issues

HIV and infant feeding : a compilation of programmatic evidence

KONIZ-BOOHER, Peggy
et al
July 2004

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This paper tries to deepen understandings of the biological and programmatic implications of the transmission of HIV through breastfeeding which have previously been hampered by insufficient study and difficulties of interpretation. It is a careful look at the findings of programmatic approaches. The project attempted to find, summarise and analyse reports on a wide variety of relevant programmes conducted since 1998 UNICEF guidelines were issued. The programmes range from small community research projects to national programmes. The compilation addresses numerous controversial topics and constraints, including human resources, confused mothers, stigma and discrimination, spillover of replacement feeding, free or subsidised infant formula, family economics and the difficulty in providing integrated HIV testing, informed choice counselling, community support, logistics and follow-up care for mothers and infants

Rethinking conceptual approaches to behaviour change : the importance of context

PARKER, Warren
April 2004

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This concise article critically reviews the concept of behaviour change as it has been applied to individual behaviour in relation to HIV/AIDS. It notes the limits of cognitive approaches to behaviour change when applied within complex contexts and variations of risk to HIV infection. With regard to communication there is a need to move beyond top-down approaches and to incorporate horizontal and participatory approaches. These include recognising and resourcing the role of civil society responses to HIV/AIDS

HIV-infected women and their families : psychosocial support and related issues. A literature review

LINDSEY, Elizabeth
2003

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This review looks at global literature from academic institutions and UN agencies on psychosocial support and counselling, to HIV infected pregnant women and their families (from pre-conception to 2 years old). It also contains information about the efficacy of practices and projects that care for infected women and their families, especially methods used in relation to mother-to-child transmission during the perinatal period. There are also interesting examples of such projects from around the world. The final section of the review makes recommendations on psychosocial support and counselling for HIV infected women and families

Communication and natural resource management : experience/theory

FEEK, Warren
MORRIS, Chris
et al
2003

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This book has been written as a tool for people involved or interested in communication and natural resource management who seek a better understanding of how different theories and strategic change principles relate to actual practise. It relates a variety of theories and change principles in simplified, almost schematic form, to a series of real initiatives in the field through interactive 'experiences'. Each 'experience' is organised around a theme, a learning objective, a description of an actual natural resource management and communication initiative, and one or two theoretical lenses through which to analyse the initiative. The idea is not to 'discover' the right approach but rather to create an interactive space that enables you to reflect on what might work in your own context and also on how different contexts may require different approaches, principles and theoretical frameworks. People working in development fields other than natural resource management will also find this book very useful

Label us able : proactive evaluation of Finnish development co-operation in disability issues

NATIONAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTRE FOR WELFARE AND HEALTH (STAKES)
2003

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The Finnish Ministry for Foreign Affairs evaluates with this report its development policies for disabled people. This report looks at the last ten years of Finnish development co-operation and how a maximum impact on human rights and social development can be achieved.
The four parts of the report investigate the main Finnish policies, the major findings and how disability can be mainstreamed into development issues.
This evaluation report is valuable for international NGOs, disabled people's organisations and policy advisors who are looking for ways to mainstream disability

Impact of HIV/AIDS : a population and development perspective

UNITED NATIONS POPULATION FUND (UNFPA)
2003

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This publication examines the links between poverty and HIV, the impact of HIV on population and development, mechanisms for carrying out HIV impact assessments and the use of impact assessments in advocacy, programme design and poverty reduction strategies

Update on the UNGASS declaration of committment on HIV/AIDS

INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL OF AIDS SERVICE ORGANIZATIONS (ICASO)
June 2002

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from the introduction: 'This Update contains information on how the Declaration [of Commitment on HIV/AIDS, adopted by the UN in June 2001] has been promoted by NGOs at the local and national level; by the central and regional secretariats of ICASO; and by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS).' Describes a proposal to appoint UN Special Envoys to promote the declaration and reports on the development of indicators to aid the monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of the Declaration

The international guidelines on HIV/AIDS and human rights : how are they being used and applied? An assessment of national responses in improving access to HIV/AIDS treatment within the framework of the International Guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Righ

INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL OF AIDS SERVICE ORGANISATIONS (ICASO)
May 2002

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In 1996 ICASO issued guideline to member states to assist them in designing programmes and policies that protect and promote human rights in the context of confronting the AIDS pandemic. This publication is a report of a community research project trying to get a clear indication on how the process was progressing. The research focuses on acces to quality treatment, and the role that communities have played in improving that access. This report is based on the responses from 21 organisations in 15 of the 40 member countries. The main conclusions of the report are that the guidelines are a tool to advocate for improvements in the situation of HIV/AIDS; that the guidelines are not widely used by advocates and have not been incorporated into national legislation; anti-retrovirals are available but not accessible to the general popoulation (price being a key issue in this); and that even though prices of ARVs was high, this was not the only reason for the lack of ARVs in some countries (weak infrastructures also played a part). The report concludes with recommendations for further action

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