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Human subject regulations decision charts

OFFICE FOR HUMAN RESEARCH PROTECTIONS (OHRP)
September 2004

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These graphic aids are a guide to help decide if a research activity involving human subjects needs to be reviewed by an institutional review board (IRB) under the requirements of the US Department of Health and Human Services. The charts specify the following: whether an activity is research that must be reviewed by an IRB, whether the review may be performed by expedited procedures, and whether informed consent or its documentation may be waived. This document is useful for institutional review boards (IRBs), investigators, and others who are conducting research with human subjects

Connecting to care : addressing the unmet need in HIV

AIDS ACTION FOUNDATION
2004

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This CD-ROM holds a workbook is about connecting people to medical care and health services in the United States of America. 17 methodologies from 9 different areas of the United States are described in this workbook. These are selected from a wide range of settings, including community based organisations, clinics, and housing services. All the methologies described address one central question: how does the activity help reconnect HIV positive people, who know their status, to healthcare? Although based on the context of health and social services available in the United States, some methods and activites might be of interest to people in low-resource settings

Cowboy diplomacy : how the US undermines international environmental, human rights, disarmament and health agreements

INFACT
2003

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This document describes the USA's tendency to play a major role in shaping treaties, and then not sign them, or sign and then ignore its obligations. Examples include the Kyoto Protocol, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Landmine Ban Treaty, and the verification protocol to the Biological Weapons Convention. This threatens international law and cooperation, the environment, human rights and public health. The report covers several examples in detail, and the implications this has for the negotiations around the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC)

Global health advocacy manual

GLOBAL HEALTH COUNCIL
2003

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A guide to lobbying and advocating in the United States by mobilising others, contacting congressional representatives, and using the media (eg newspapers)

AIDS and older persons : an international perspective

KNODEL, John
WATKINS, Susan
VANLANDINGHAM, Mark
2003

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This document explores the impact of the AIDS epidemic on persons age 50 and over. Although older persons represent a non-negligible minority of the reported global caseload, a far higher proportion are affected through the illness and death of their adult children and younger generation relatives who contract AIDS. Since most of the epidemic occurs in the developing regions, especially Africa and Asia, efforts to understand and deal with the concerns of older persons in relation to AIDS in those settings needs expansion, and the authors conclude with a series of recommendations for future research

Edutainment for development and sexual health [whole issue]

2002

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This issue of Sexual Health Exchange includes articles on performance art / theatre for development projects in 12 countries. The diverse projects described tend to focus on social change as well as behaviour change communications, and range from peer education projects to edu-clowns to mass-media soap operas

Making health communication programs work

NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE
2002

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This handbook presents key principles and steps in developing and evaluating health communication program for the public, patients, and health professionals. It expands upon and replaces two earlier publications titled Pretesting in Health Communications and Making PSA's Work. Referring primarily to the context of the United States, the guide discusses specific steps in program development and includes examples of their use. Sources of additional information on each subject are included at the end of the chapters

Toward liberatory early childhood theory, research and praxis : decolonizing a field

SOTO, Lourdes Diaz
SWADENER, Beth Blue
2002

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This article presents an overview of current theoretical, ideological and methodological approaches to early childhood development. The focus is on the landscape and discourse emerging from USA and Western literature, which have seen an expansion of the field in several and intersecting directions, including scientific orientations; qualitative/interpretive research; early multicultural and bilingual education; advocacy and social justice; critical reconceptualist, feminist, and post-colonial theory; liberatory praxis. The paper supports a post-colonial hybridity, entailing the development of a liberating critical discourse space in early childhood theory, research and praxis

Speaking of health : assessing health communication strategies for diverse populations

INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE
2002

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This book looks at the challenges of delivering important health messages to different audiences. Using case studies in the areas of diabetes, mammography, and mass communication campaigns, it examines the ways in which messages must be adapted to the unique informational needs of their audiences if they are to have any real impact. It also looks at basic theories of communication and behaviour change and focuses on where they apply and where they don't. Although written for the context of the USA, the principles of adapting health messages to the needs of minority populations may have relevance in developing countries

Impacts of poverty on quality of life in families of children with disabilities

PARK, Jiyeon
TURNBULL, Ann P
TURNBULL, H. Rutherford
2002

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This literature review examines the impact of poverty on the quality of life in families of children with disabilities in the USA. The article examines the impact of poverty relating to the five dimensions of family, including health, productivity, physical environment, emotional well-being and family interaction. It provides suggestions for policy, research and practices. This article is useful for people interested in the impact of poverty on the quality of life in families of children with disabilities in the USA
Exceptional Children Journal, Vol 68, No 2

School readiness : helping communities to get children ready for school and schools ready for children

October 2001

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This is a brief introduction to the concept of school readiness with a focus on the US. It presents a framework for community involvement in supporting children's transition to school, based on an 'ecological' view of child development. A variety of factors relating to the child development are considered and explored, including the different roles played by the child's family, early childhood care and education, schools, neighborhood, and the wider society

HIV/AIDS and security

CARBALLO, M
CILLONIZ, J
BRAUNSCHWEIG, S
2001

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This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the ways in which the growing HIV/AIDS pandemic is affecting national and human security. It looks at the impact of sexually transmitted diseases on the military and other uniformed services, what is known about the incidence / prevalence of the problem, and where and why military personnel are most vulnerable. It also reviews what some of the main international agencies and NGOs are doing in this field and provides information on selected case studies

Transition and post-school outcomes for youth with disabilities : closing the gaps to post-secondary ed and employment

NATIONAL COUNCIL ON DISABILITY
SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION
November 2000

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"This report presents an analysis of research on the status of transition, post-secondary education, and employment outcomes for primarily 14 to 22 year old youth and young adults with disabilities over the past 25 years. Next it identifies what has worked, and what should work in light of unmet needs and unserved populations. Finally, the report presents recommendations for national, state, and local community action"

Worker-led participatory research and evaluation : lessons from the real world : reflections of the SREPP participants

ECKMAN, A
MCQUISTON, T
LIPPON, T
2000

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In 1997, four US union health and safety training programmes entered into a three-year, multi-union learning action-research collaborative, the Self-sufficiency Research and Evaluation Pilot Project (SREPP). This initiative sought to build the research and evaluation capacities of the participating unions' training by offering a new model of participatory learning and action in the area of worker health and safety. Existing examples of participatory action research in this field have tended to concentrate on single worksites and start with a stakeholder labour management model. By contrast, this project has sought to foster participatory learning across programmes from a union perspective. It uses and expands on the peer-training model to institutionalise a new base of worker produced knowledge. During the last of SREPP’s four training workshops participants reflected on their experiences in the project through a series of participatory activities. In this article the background to the project is followed by the words of SREPP participants describing what it takes to learn about and do participatory evaluation in the context of union-based, worker-led health and safety training programmes. This includes a look at what was learned and how, as well as supports and barriers to participatory evaluation and the model that they have developed

Enhancing the transition to kindergarten : linking children, families and schools

KRAFT-SAYRE, Marcia E.
PIANTA, Robert C.
2000

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"This manual describes an approach to enhancing children’s transitions into kindergarten. The approach...focuses on forming a network of social connections that support children and families during the transition to school. These connections include interactions between children and teachers, children and peers, parents and teachers, as well as preschool teachers and kindergarten teachers. These social connections are important for supporting competencies in young children that can ensure their school success"

A study of the political behavior of people with disabilities|What determines voter turnout, executive summary : empowerment through civic participation

KRUSE, D L
et al
April 1999

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This study examines if people with disabilities are as likely as those without disabilities to vote and to engage in other forms of political and civic participation. It also explores if there is a role for policies to remove barriers or otherwise encourage greater participation of people with disabilities

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