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Working report measuring HIV stigma : results of a field test in Tanzania

June 2005

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This is the working report of a project that builds expressly on the findings of the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) and its partners in a multi-country study on stigma and on the Horizons and POLICY Project work on stigma and HIV. The specific aim of this project is to examine, test and validate selected stigma indicators in Tanzania as a first step to coming up with a set indicators that can reliably assess stigma in a given setting and measure progress in reducing it

Maternal survival : improving access to skilled care. A behavior change approach

February 2005

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This summary is based on the CHANGE Maternal Survival Toolkit, available online at: and on CD-ROM. It explores ways of influencing behaviours and encouraging use of health services and health professionals during childbirth and the postpartum period. A number of factors can prevent pregnant women from accessing skilled care, often putting themselves and the child at risk. They include availability of health services and high costs but also, and crucially, local culture, family and community behaviours and traditional practices. The CHANGE Project's approach and this document stress locally appropriate, behaviour-based interventions that integrate what is happening in homes, communities and health facilities. This tool is aimed at organisations and individuals working in the field of mother and child health, and willing to look at maternal and child survival issues from a behaviour change perspective

USAID project profiles : children affected by HIV/AIDS

January 2005

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This document presents profiles of 114 projects (90 country-specific, 12 regional, and 12 global) funded by USAID. It includes a section on USAID projects that support access to education in Africa. The project profiles include the names of implementing organisations, funding periods and amounts, objectives, strategies, key accomplishments, priority activities for the year ahead, and materials and tools available to other projects that can help meet the needs of children and youth affected by HIV and AIDS. The diversity of these projects demonstrates the US government's efforts to meet the wide variety of needs of children and youth affected by HIV and AIDS. Approaches vary in both strategy and scale. The vast majority of projects work with communities to identify opportunities that strengthen existing resources without undermining local ownership. In many places, communities are already mobilised and have systems in place to identify, protect, and provide basic necessities to the most vulnerable children. USAID supports the strengthening and monitoring of these existing activities

Conducting a situation analysis of orphans and vulnerable children affected by HIV/AIDS : a framework and resource guide

COX, Adrienne
February 2004

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This document moves towards a standard framework to help people involved in programmes conduct a situation analysis concerning orphans and vulnerable children (OVCs) in the context of HIV/AIDS. It includes the process of planning the situation analysis, defining its purpose, goals and objectives. It provides advice on methods to gather data and frameworks for assessing health, education and economic impacts of HIV/AIDS on OVCs. Analysis, reporting and communication of the information found is discussed

Expanding and strengthening community action : a study of ways to scale up community mobilization interventions to mitigate the effect of HIV/AIDS on children and families

PHIRI, Stanley Ngalazu
NZIMA, Masauso
March 2001

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The purpose of this study is to make a series of recommendations on how to scale up effective, sustainable community mobilization and capacity-building interventions to mitigate the effects of AIDS on children and families in the countries most seriously affected by the pandemic. Recommendations for change are made in two main areas: programmatic methods and approaches; and global, regional, and national efforts to develop and implement effective strategies. The overall conclusion is that to maximize expansion of programming and to keep it effective, it is important that scaling-up programmes support existing scaling-out activities of implementers and promote and build on community-owned initiatives

Malaria prevention : lessons learned

ARATA, Andrew
May 1999

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A brief but insightful report on lessons learned in malaria prevention. These are carefully explained and expanded in the text and include points such as the impact of urbanisation in Africa on malaria epidemiology; the need for simple, rapid but scientifically sound methods for assssing transmission; the role of risk area mapping in surveillance and project planning; and the need for careful operational research prior to implementing Insecticide Treated Net (ITN) programmes

Making the Internet connection count : effective use of the Internet in seven steps

Research and Reference Services (R&RS) Project

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Takes the reader through a seven-step process to assist in finding the most cost-effective way of connecting to the Internet, and how to make best use of the Internet once connected. Intended for decision makers and staff of NGOs, educational institutions, and government agencies that currently do not have, or have very limited, access to the Internet. Includes exercise and worksheets adapted from a series of hands-on workshops conducted throughout Africa by the Leland Initiative

DbI review|the magazine of Deafblind International

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Produced twice a year
Free with membership of DbI Network:, Individuals: 100 euros for 4 years, Large Corporates: Annual Fees 3,000 - 5,000 euros, Small Corporates: Annual Fees 300 - 1,500 euros, Mini Corporates and organisations in HIPC and LIC countries : Annual Fees 100 - 250 eurosttps://


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