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Expanding contraceptive options and access for youth

SCHOLL, Ed
FINGER, William
March 2004

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In a time when young people are increasingly at risk of unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, the role of contraception in preventing these is crucial. This issue of YouthLens looks at how education, services and products can help protect youth against unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. It stresses that young people should be targeted with appropriate messages

Maternal health care among adolescents

REYNOLDS, Heidi
et al
March 2004

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The use of maternal health care services by pregnant adolescents could reduce death and disability during pregnancy and childbirth. Youth are less likely to access maternal health services, which explains some of the increased risk they face. This issue of YouthLens argues that the development of appropriate services could help overcome this problem

Nonconsensual sex among youth

FINGER, William
et al
March 2004

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Reproductive health and HIV prevention programmes for youth rarely look at the reallity of coercive sex that so many youth face. Coercive sex is a violation of a person's rights and can have severe mental, physical and reproductive health consequences, including pregnancy and HIV and other STIs. This paper highlights a number of key issues: the range of sexual coercion faced by youth; the impact of gender norms on coercion; the consequences of coercion; and programme approaches to reduce the problem

Information and communications technology : web sites, CD-ROMs, and on-line educational projects hold promise for youth|[Tecnología de información y comunicación. Sitios web, CD-ROM y proyectos educacionales en la web prometedores para los jóvenes]

BLOOME, Anthony
ZWICKER, Caroline
FINGER, William
September 2003

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Technology resources increasingly link professionals working with reproductive health and HIV prevention programmes in developing countries. These same resources (websites, CD-ROMS, listservs, radio and TV) offer great promise for reaching the youth as well. This edition of Youth Lens looks at some of the projects working in these areas

Abstinence and delayed sexual initiation

RULAND, Claudia Daileader
September 2003

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Promoting abstinence is an important strategy that can help delay sexual activity, but complementary messages are needed for those who are sexually active. Policy-makers and adults can contribute to delaying early sexual debut in youth by making the reduction of coercive sex a priority. Abstinence messages need to be an integral part of HIV/STI/pregnancy prevention programmes worldwide. However, not all youth are sexually abstinent and a comprehensive approach is needed, with education about using condoms for protection against unwanted pregnancy and HIV/STIs, as well as reducing the number of sexual partners

Youth-adult partnerships show promise : youth involvement expands from local projects to institutional levels

SONTI, Smita
FINGER, William
March 2003

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This paper examines how youth can participate more broadly in projects, for example in policy, management and evaluation issues. Anecdotal evidence on the value of including youth perspectives in these more challenging areas is beginning to emerge, for example the Barcelona YouthForce at the XIV International AIDS Conference in Barcelona in July 2002. The paper concludes with a list of elements that help to make effective youth-adult partnerships. These elements cover organisational capacity; attitude shift; selection, recruitment and retention of youth; and level of participation

Participatory learning and action : Ethiopia project shows how a participatory process with youth can help shape national policy

RULAND, Claudia Dailander
March 2003

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Documents the use of the participatory learning and action (PLA) approach used by the Ethiopian Ministry of Youth, Sports and Culture to plan its program to mobilize Ethiopian youth for improved sexual and reproductive health. The youth developed a national youth charter and a three-year action plan. The process also lead to the development of a dynamic network of young people committed to the health and future of the country

Multisectoral programs link intervention efforts : Haiti project addresses multiple needs of young people

TIPTON, M
et al
March 2003

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This paper examines the Bassin Bleu Youth Development Initiative in Haiti, which takes a cross-secotral approach, coordinating activities in different sectors in a geographical project area, linked by a set of youth reproductive health goals. The activities cover the health, agriculture, education and income generation sectors, thus responding to the concerns of young people and the community about jobs and income, as well as HIV and education. While the project addresses the four sectors seperately, it also coordinates its efforts through a team of peer educators trained in all four sectors and through community-wide advocacy projects. The paper concludes that the project could serve as a useful model for other projects seeking ways to work with youth.

Intervention strategies that work for youth : summary of FOCUS on young adults end of program report

FINGER, Bill
LAPETINA, Maria
PRIBILA, Maryanne
Eds
2002

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This is a summary of the FOCUS on young adults end of program report. The paper highlights results from 39 evaluations of program interventions for youth in developing countries, which the FOCUS on young adults program identifies as having sound methodology and important results. These programs have helped young people in developing countries practice healthlier behaviours, including delaying sexual debut, reducing the number of sexual partners and increasing the use of methods for preventing pregnancy and the STIs. The summary is aimed at program planners, administrators, policy makers and donors interested in developing evidence-based strategies and programs to promote better health for youth

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