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Poverty and access to health care in developing countries

Peters, David
Anu Garg,
Gerry Bloom,
Damian G. Walker,
William R. Brieger,
M. Hafizur Rahman
et al

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Disparities in access to health services in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are reviewed using a framework incorporating quality, geographic accessibility, availability, financial accessibility, and acceptability of services. Background data on the the numbers of doctors, nurses and beds per populations in various parts of the world is provided. "Different approaches are shown to improve access to the poor, using targeted or universal approaches, engaging government, nongovernmental, or commercial organizations, and pursuing a wide variety of strategies to finance and organize services. Key ingredients of success include concerted efforts to reach the poor, engaging communities and disadvantaged people, encouraging local adaptation, and careful monitoring of effects on the poor. Yet governments in LMICs rarely focus on the poor in their policies or the implementation or monitoring of health service strategies. There are also new innovations in financing, delivery, and regulation of health services that hold promise for improving access to the poor, such as the use of health equity funds, conditional cash transfers, and coproduction and regulation of health services. The challenge remains to find ways to ensure that vulnerable populations have a say in how strategies are developed, implemented, and accounted for in ways that demonstrate improvements in access by the poor"

Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2008;1136:161-7


Guide to monitoring and evaluating health information products and services

TIMMONS, Barbara K.
November 2007

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This resource offers guidance and 29 indicators to measure how information products and services contribute to improving health programmes. It includes the 'Conceptual Framework for Monitoring and Evaluating Health Information Products and Services', which illustrates how improving the reach and usefulness of information products and services facilitates and increases their use - which in turn enhances public health policy and practice. Together, the elements in the Guide can help health professionals to better evaluate the contribution of their knowledge management work to crucial health outcome

Family planning choices for women with HIV

RICHEY, Catherine
SETTY, Vidya
August 2007

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This report looks at the need for health care providers to understand the impact of HIV on women’s reproductive health, fertility desires, and family planning needs so that they are better prepared to help clients with HIV make informed reproductive decisions

Women and HIV : questions answered

RICHEY, Catherine
August 2007

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Questions and answers are grouped into 4 sections: basic facts about HIV; family planning and HIV; health of mother and infant; and mother-to-child transmission of HIV

Family planning : a global handbook for providers

World Health Organization Department of Reproductive Health and Research (WHO/RHR)
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health/Center for Communication Programs (CCP), Info Project CCP
United States Agency for Inernational Development (USAID)

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This is a quick-reference resource for health care workers at all levels. It reflects the family planning guidance developed by the WHO and expands on the coverage of 'The essentials of contraceptive technology' (CCP:1997) to address other needs of clients that come up during the course of family planning. Coverage includes different methods of contraception, sexually transmitted diseases, maternal and new born health, reproductive health issues, family planning provision and serving diverse groups; e.g. adolescents, men, and women near menopause . The handbook is one of the WHO's 'four cornerstones of family planning guidance'

Participation guide : involving those directly affected in health and communication programs

TAPIA, Marcela

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These are guidelines for designing and implementing participatory health and development communication programmes. They provide simple tips and tools to involve affected individuals and groups in the various stages of health and development communication programmes with examples of how to include the most marginalised people that a programme is meant to empower

A tool for sharing internal best practices

D'ADAMO, Margaret
KOLS, Adrienne

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This publication is aimed at organisations willing to develop and implement effective mechanisms for strengthening organisational learning and sharing good practices internally. Includes a step-by-step process to help identify success stories, validate and document best practices, develop a strategic plan and adapt and apply best practices. It also presents three case studies of organisations that have attempted to share best practices, highlighting lessons learnt, problems encountered, and achievements. Includes a list of useful resources

Advancing health communication : the PCS experience in the field

PIOTROW, Phyllis Tilson
et al
March 2003

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"This guide for health communication programs is based on the worldwide experience of the Population Communication Services (PCS4) project from 1995-2002... "This report is designed to help organizations carry out effective communication programs by addressing step-by-step some of the major problems likely to arise and by focusing on problem-solving in the rapidly changing field of health communication"

The gender guide for health communication programs

ZAMAN, Faria

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A simple step-by step guide to designing health communication programmes that take gender into account at the strategic design, materials development, implementation, monitoring and evaluation stages. Includes a short glossary and a number of short case-examples of gender-sensitive 'good practice' programmes from around the world

'A' frame for advocacy


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This booklet offers a six-step approach to public policy advocacy - analysis, strategy, mobilisation, action, evaluation and continuity

Innocenti bulletin (formerly: Innocenti digest)

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Provides reliable and easily accessed information on critical child's rights concerns. It is designed as a working tool for executive decision-makers, programme managers and other practitioners in child-related fields
Variable, up to four times a year

Condoms CD-ROM : the multimedia resource on condoms


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A searchable, multimedia reference database of international education and communication materials on condoms and an 'ideas bank' of over 600 examples of print and promotional materials including posters, pamphlets, calenders, radio and television clips. The website also features a custom database adapted from POPLINE, featuring 6,000 references to documents about condoms, and a 'resources' section containing helpful websites and contacts


Source e-bulletin on Disability and Inclusion

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