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Effective poverty reduction and empowering women : a win-win situation?|CCTs in Latin America

HERZOG, Karolin
October 2011

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"Building on the conceptual issues surrounding the discussion of the feminisation of anti-poverty programmes and its translation into CCTs (Conditional cash transfer programmes), this paper therefore calls for more deliberately gender-sensitive programme designs to address women's capabilities for income generation and for the inclusion of men in order to transform gender relations and create more equality"
Discussion papers on social protection, Issue No 12

Social determinants of health : the role of social protection in addressing social inequalities in health

August 2011

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This paper aims to provide focused insights into specific aspects of the international debate on social protection. The author highlights that "the social, economic and political context in which people grow, live, work and age has enormous impact on their health status. These wider structural determinants of health lie largely outside the health sector. The level and coverage of social protection systems is one key determinant. Social protection measures and mechanisms directly contribute to poverty reduction and human resource development by providing recipients with in-kind or cash transfers. They also allow beneficiaries to gain better access to social services, including health facilities, drugs, etc"
Discussion Papers on Social Protection, Issue No 11

Empowering civil society

June 2007

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This booklet looks at the role of civil society organisations (CSOs) in global health financing processes. It describes the strengths of these organisations as well as the challenges they are facing at the national and local level. The section also identifies technical support available to help civil society organisations act and participate effectively in the structures and processes of global financing

Developing human resources for health

June 2007

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This booklet ..."describes the dire shortage of human resources (HR) in the health systems of low and middle income countries and the special challenges posed by this crisis. It touches on ways of addressing shortages of qualified staff and gives several examples of how countries can use technical support to build stronger a health workforce"

The questions adolescents ask most frequently about reproductive rights and their answers


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In Tanzania there are laws to protect adolescents and give them access to their rights, including reproductive rights and protection from sexual violence, forced marriage and female genital mutilation (FGM). This booklet provides adolescents with information on their reproductive rights to guide them towards making informed decisions about their own lives. The questions were all asked by Tanzanian adolescents and the answers include information on family planning and abortion, sexual violence in a society's culture, child sexual abuse, rape and its consequences, forced marriages and advice on what to do, and causes and effects of FGM, with guidance on how to get help. A summary of international and national legal documents referred to appears at the back

Do children need education about sexuality and reproductive health?


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TGPSH/TACAIDS produced this brochure for parents to explain the importance of education in reproductive health. Children have many questions about sexuality and the sources of their information may not be accurate, therefore reproductive health education should start early before young people become sexually active. The main aims of such education is to provide accurate information about sexuality, to help young people develop their own values and to help them develop responsible relationships and interpersonal skills. Information is provided on physical, emotional and social changes which happen to growing children. Schools can provide information and help to develop values at a time when children are open for guidance. Although reproductive health and sexuality are difficult topics for many parents, schools need support from parents too

Study on knowledge and attitudes about HIV/AIDS of standard VII pupils in Tanga districts - the impact of peer education

TEMU, Aloyse
November 2005

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Peer education (PE) aims to improve pupils' knowledge, attitudes and behaviour about HIV and AIDS and reproductive health. GTZ supports PE in over 200 schools in the Tanga region of Tanzania. A study was done in schools with and without PE to determine if PE has an effect on pupils' knowledge and attitudes. PE made a difference - pupils have better overall knowledge and are better informed on key facts about HIV and AIDS, and many more pupils with PE considered abstinence a viable option. But even in schools with PE there are some gaps, e.g. many pupils believe that one can see if someone is HIV positive and most pupils have negative attitudes about condoms. Contact teachers were found to share a few misconceptions about HIV and AIDS

Who do the CBD reach? A study for the Tanzanian German Programme to Support Health (TGPSH)

KIBUGA, Kate Forrester
July 2005

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The GTZ-supported CBD (Community Based Distribution) agents are volunteers at village level in Tanga region of Tanzania, who provide information on sexual and reproductive health topics, and distribute contraceptives in their neighbourhoods, thus increasing access to family planning services and reproductive health information. This study examined whether CBD reached poorer people and whether poverty influences the choice made in sourcing contraceptives. A participatory methodology was used - CBD agents drew maps of their neighbourhood, marking every house, determining the wealth status of each household, and indicating each house using their services. Poorer people are effectively reached by CBD, but the average wealth group makes greater use of it. However, poorer people are more likely to use CBD than to go to the health facilities. CBD agents found the maps a useful tool for monitoring their work, but there were doubts as to their accuracy for this study. CBD agents may have inflated the number of clients, or omitted houses with no clients

Follow up reproductive health needs assessment in the process of evaluating a CBD programme in Lushoto Division, Lushoto District

KRAUT, Angela
et al
April 2004

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The study is the follow up to a baseline study (2000) on Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH supported Community Based Distribution (CBD) activities in Lushoto Division in Tanzania. The study found that contraceptive prevalence was 43.2%, almost double previous figures, and that women's knowledge of contraceptive methods had increased from 77.1% to 84.4%. CBD agents provide an important 'social link' between communities and the professional health sector. The knowledge of long term methods is high and it seems, in the comparison with non-CBD villages, that CBD agents intensify the demand for these services. The number of unplanned pregnancies has decreased from 58.3% to 26.8%, while a higher proportion of deliveries was attended by health personnel (22% to 37.5%). In the context of this study, it was however not possible to measure the CBD contribution to these changes over time, other contributing factors being difficult to measure

Documentation made easy : a library manual for nongovernmental organizations specializing in appropriate technology and rural development


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This is the work of a practitioner who is well acquainted with her subject, and who gives those in charge of documentation in development associations many examples and tools as well as a general filing layout for the small libraries of grassroots organisations. The manual is aimed primarily at readers with no previous experience in librarianship and documentation


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